September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years). There are 108 days remaining.
- 786 - Harun al-Rashid becomes the Abbasid caliph upon the death of his brother al-Hadi
- 1752 - The British Empire adopts the Gregorian calendar, skipping eleven days (September 2 was followed directly by September 14 this year)
- 1812 - Russian army burns Moscow to prevent Napoleon from capturing it
- 1814 - Francis Scott Key writes The Star-Spangled Banner.
- 1847 - Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
- 1886 - Typewriter ribbon patented.
- 1901 - Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States.
- 1917 - Republican government declared in Russia
- 1923 - Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain
- 1944 - United States Marines land on the island of Peleliu
- 1948 - Groundbreaking for the United Nations headquarters in New York City
- 1959 - The Soviet probe Luna 2 crashes onto the Moon, becoming the first man-made object to reach it.
- 1960 - The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is founded.
- 1964 - The opening of the third period of Second Vatican Council
- 1965 - The opening of the fourth and final period of Second Vatican Council
- 1975 - The first American saint, Elizabeth Ann Seton, is canonized by Pope Paul VI
- 1984 - Joe Kittinger becomes the first person to fly a hot air balloon solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1999 - Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.
- 2000 - Juan Antonio Samaranch leaves the presidency of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), after 20 years.
- 2003 - Sweden rejects adopting the Euro in a referendum. (Results.)
- 2003 - Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum.
- 2004 - Canada wins the 2004 World cup of Hockey.
- 1547 - Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Dutch statesman (d. 1619)
- 1760 - Luigi Cherubini, composer (d. 1842)
- 1769 - Alexander von Humboldt, naturalist and explorer (d. 1859)
- 1804 - John Gould, English ornithologist
- 1849 - Ivan Pavlov, scientist (d. 1936)
- 1867 - Charles Dana Gibson, artist (d. 1944)
- 1879 - Margaret Sanger, birth control advocate (d. 1966)
- 1880 - Archie Hahn, American athlete
- 1898 - Hal B. Wallis, film producer (d. 1986)
- 1909 - Peter Scott, naturalist, artist, and explorer (d. 1989)
- 1914 - Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000 )
- 1914 - Clayton Moore, actor The Lone Ranger (d. 1999)
- 1921 - Ruth Brooks Flippen , television writer (d. 1981)
- 1923 - Bud Palmer , sports reporter
- 1933 - Zoe Caldwell , actress
- 1933 - Harve Presnell, actor
- 1934 - Kate Millett, feminist writer
- 1936 - Walter Koenig, actor
- 1938 - Nicol Williamson , actor
- 1940 - Larry Brown, NBA basketball coach
- 1947 - Sam Neill, actor
- 1959 - Mary Frances , actress
- 1959 - Morten Harket, singer with a-ha
- 1968 - Michelle Stafford, soap opera actress
- 1971 - Kimberly Williams , actress
- 1973 - Nas, rap music singer
- 1974 - Hicham El Guerrouj, Moroccan athlete
- 1984 - Adam Lamberg, actor (Lizzie McGuire)
- 258 - Cyprian, early Christian writer
- 786 - Al-Hadi, Abbasid caliph
- 891 - Pope Stephen V
- 1321 - Dante Alighieri, author
- 1404 - Duke Albert IV of Austria
- 1523 - Pope Adrian VI
- 1638 - John Harvard, clergyman, namesake of Harvard College
- 1836 - Aaron Burr, Vice President of the United States (b. 1756)
- 1851 - James Fenimore Cooper, author
- 1852 - Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, British general and Prime Minister
- 1886 - Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard
- 1898 - William Seward Burroughs, inventor of the calculator
- 1899 - Henry Bliss, first American automobile fatality
- 1901 - United States President William McKinley
- 1927 - Isadora Duncan, dancer & mother of modern dance
- 1936 - Irving Thalberg, film producer
- 1960 - Sir Arthur Percy Morris Fleming , radar pioneer
- 1966 - Gertrude Berg, actress
- 1982 - Bachir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon of Lebanon
- 1982 - Princess Grace of Monaco
- 1982 - John Gardner, American novelist
- 1984 - Censored page, Academy Award winning actress
- 1996 - Juliet Prowse , actress, dancer
- 2000 - Beah Richards , actress
Holidays and Observances
- Roman Catholicism-Exaltation of the Holy Cross (compare May 3- Finding of the Holy Cross).
- Eastern Orthodox Church Exaltation of the Cross, which commemorates the discovery of the (allegedly) original Christian cross in 326 by Helena, mother of Constantine.
- In the Irish calendar the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday following Sept. 14 were observed as Quarter tense.
- In ancient Greece, the first day of the Eleusinian Mysteries, during which the sacred objects were brought from Eleusis to Athens.
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Last updated: 02-07-2005 09:36:00
Last updated: 02-21-2005 12:14:02