


Nobel Prize in Physics
List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. 174 awards have been given as of 2004.
See also List of Nobel laureates
1900s  1910s  1920s  1930s  1940s  1950s  1960s  1970s  1980s  1990s  2000s
1900s
1910s
1920s
1930s
1940s
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1940s
Year 
Name 
Topics 
1940


The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section. 
1941

1942

1943

Otto Stern

"for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton" 
1944

Isidor Isaac Rabi

"for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei" 
1945

Wolfgang Pauli

"for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli principle"

1946

Percy Williams Bridgman

"for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics " 
1947

Sir Edward Victor Appleton

"for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the socalled Appleton layer " 
1948

Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett

"for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation"

1949

Hideki Yukawa (湯川 秀樹)

"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"

1950s
1960s
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1960s
Year 
Name 
Topics 
1960

Donald Arthur Glaser

"for the invention of the bubble chamber"

1961

Robert Hofstadter

"for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons" 
Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer

"for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name". See:Mossbauer effect

1962

Lev Davidovich Landau (Лев Давидович Ландау)

"for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium" 
1963

Eugene Paul Wigner

"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles" 
Maria GoeppertMayer and J. Hans D. Jensen

"for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure" 
1964

Charles Hard Townes, Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov (Николай Геннадиевич Басов), and Aleksandr Prokhorov (Александр Михайлович Прохоров)

"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maserlaser principle"

1965

SinItiro Tomonaga (朝永 振一郎), Julian Schwinger, and Richard P. Feynman

"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deepploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"

1966

Alfred Kastler

"for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms" 
1967

Hans Albrecht Bethe

"for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars"

1968

Luis Walter Alvarez

"for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis" 
1969

Murray GellMann

"for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions" 
1970s
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1970s
Year 
Name 
Topics 
1970

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén

"for fundamental work and discoveries in magnetohydrodynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics"

Louis Eugene Félix Néel

"for fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications in solid state physics" 
1971

Dennis Gabor

"for his invention and development of the holographic method " 
1972

John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, and John Robert Schrieffer

"for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCStheory "

1973

Leo Esaki (江崎 玲於奈) and Ivar Giaever

"for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"

Brian David Josephson

"for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effect"

1974

Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish

"for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"

1975

Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, and Leo James Rainwater

"for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection" 
1976

Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting (丁肇中 Pinyin: Dīng Zhàozhōng)

"for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind". In other words: for discovery of the J/Ψ particle as it confirmed the idea that baryonic matter (such as the nuclei of atoms) is made out of quarks.

1977

Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott, and John Hasbrouck van Vleck

"for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems" 
1978

Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa (Пётр Леонидович Капица)

"for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of lowtemperature physics" 
Arno Allan Penzias and Robert Woodrow Wilson

"for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation"

1979

Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam, and Steven Weinberg

"for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current" 
1980s
1990s
Nobel Prize in Physics, 1990s
Year 
Name 
Topics 
1990

Jerome Isaac Friedman, Henry Way Kendall , and Richard Edward Taylor

"for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics" 
1991

PierreGilles de Gennes

"for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers" 
1992

Georges Charpak

"for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"

1993

Russell Alan Hulse and Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr.

"for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation" 
1994


"for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter" 
Bertram Neville Brockhouse

"for the development of neutron spectroscopy" 
Clifford Glenwood Shull

"for the development of the neutron diffraction technique" 
1995


"for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics" 
Martin Lewis Perl

"for the discovery of the tau lepton"

Frederick Reines

"for the detection of the neutrino"

1996

David Morris Lee , Douglas Dean Osheroff, and Robert Coleman Richardson

"for their discovery of superfluidity in helium3" 
1997

Steven Chu(朱棣文, pinyin: zhū dìwén), Claude CohenTannoudji, and William Daniel Phillips

"for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" 
1998

Robert B. Laughlin, Horst Ludwig Störmer, and Daniel Chee Tsui(崔琦, pinyin: cuī qí)

"for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations". In other words, the discovery of the Quantum Hall effect from an experiment in 1982, which basically found conditions that allowed for observation of fractionally charged electrons.

1999

Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman

"for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics" 
2000s
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Last updated: 05062005 15:00:09





