In the Roman calendar March 15 was known as the Ides of March.
Up to 19th century
- 44 BC - Ides of March: Julius Caesar, General of the Roman Republic, was assassinated by a group of Roman senators.
- 1493 - Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first trip to the Americas.
- 1545 - First meeting of the Council of Trent
- 1672 - Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence.
- 1781 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Guilford Courthouse - Near present-day Greensboro, North Carolina, 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400.
- 1820 - Maine becomes the 23rd U.S. state.
- 1827 - The University of Toronto is chartered
- 1848 - Revolution breaks out in Pest. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
- 1877 - The first Test cricket match, between England and Australia
- 1906 - Rolls-Royce Ltd. is registered
- 1909 - Selfridges department store opens in London
- 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the Mexican border to pursue Pancho Villa.
- 1917 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates himself and his son from the Russian throne and his brother the Grand Duke becomes Tsar.
- 1919 - The American Legion forms in Paris
- 1922 - After Egypt gains nominal independence from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
- 1939 - World War II: Nazi troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist.
- 1944 - World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino - Allied aircraft bomb Nazi-held monastery and stage an assault.
- 1952 - In Cilaos, Réunion, 73 inches (1,870mm) of rain falls in one day, setting a new world record.
- 1956 - The Broadway musical My Fair Lady opens in New York City.
- 1961 - South Africa withdraws from the British Commonwealth
- 1963 - Victor Feguer, a Federal prisoner, was put to death at the Fort Madison, Iowa prison. This would be the last execution of a Federal prisoner until the execution of Timothy McVeigh.
- 1970 - The Expo '70 world's fair opens in Osaka, Japan.
- 1988 - Publication of Marvin Minsky's Society of Mind theory
- 1989 - The United States Department of Veterans Affairs is established.
- 1990 - Gulf War: Iraqis hang British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying.
- 1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
- 1990 - The Soviet Union announces that Lithuania's declaration of independence is invalid.
- 1990 - The ethnic clashes of Targu Mures begin on the anniversary of the Revolutions of 1848 in the Habsburg areas.
- 1991 - Four Los Angeles, California police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3, 1991 beating of motorist Rodney King during an arrest.
- 1991 - Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
Up to 19th century
- 1638 - Shunzhi Emperor of China
- 1767 - Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States, (d. 1845)
- 1779 - Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)
- 1800 - Heinrich von Dechsen , geologist and mineralogist, (d. 1889)
- 1813 - John Snow, English physician who pioneered the use of ether as an anaesthetic, (d. 1858)
- 1830 - Paul Heyse, writer and winner of the Nobel Prize in literature 1910, (d. 1914)
- 1835 - Eduard Strauss, composer (d. 1916)
- 1854 - Emil Adolf von Behring, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1901, (d. 1917)
- 1865 - Johan Halvorsen, Norwegian composer
- 1882 - Jim Lightbody, American middle-distance runner, (d. 1882)
- 1886 - Sergei Kirov, Soviet revolutionary, (d. 1886)
- 1890 - Boris Nikolaevich Delaunay, Russian mathematician, (d. 1980)
- 1897 - Jackson Scholz, American sprinter
- 1905 - Berthold Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg, lawyer and Nazi opponent (d. 1944)
- 1907 - Zarah Leander, actress and singer, (d. 1981)
- 1912 - Lightnin' Hopkins, musician, (d. 1982)
- 1916 - Harry James, musician, band leader, (d. 1983)
- 1919 - Lawrence Tierney , actor, (d. 2002)
- 1920 - Lawrence Sanders , novelist, (d. 1998)
- 1924 - Walter Gotell, actor (d. 1997)
- 1926 - Norm Van Brocklin, American football star
- 1933 - Ruth Bader Ginsburg, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court
- 1933 - Roy Clark, country musician
- 1935 - Jimmy Swaggart, televangelist
- 1935 - Judd Hirsch, actor
- 1940 - Phil Lesh of The Grateful Dead
- 1941 - Mike Love, musician ("The Beach Boys")
- 1943 - David Cronenberg, director
- 1944 - Sly Stone, singer
- 1944 - Elisabeth Plessen , writer
- 1945 - Mark J. Green, lawyer, author and public official
- 1947 - Ry Cooder, guitarist
- 1955 - Dee Snider, singer
- 1956 - Clay Matthews, American football player
- 1959 - Harold Baines, former Major League Baseball player
- 1961 - Fabio, model
- 1961 - Ervin Nemeth, educator, author, translator
- 1962 - Terence Trent D'Arby, singer
- 1967 - Naoko Takeuchi, manga artist
- 1971 - Mark McGrath, musician ("Sugar Ray")
- 1972 - Mark Hoppus, musician ("Blink 182")
- 1975 - Eva Longoria, actress (The Young and the Restless, Desperate Housewives)
- 1976 - Jennifer 8. Lee, journalist
- 44 BC - Julius Caesar, (b. 100 BC)
- 493 - Odoacer, King of Italy (murdered by Theoderic the Great), (b. 435)
- 1849 - Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti, Cardinal and linguist
- 1891 - Sir Joseph Bazalgette, civil engineer, (b. 1819)
- 1898 - Henry Bessemer, English metallurgist, (b. 1813)
- 1937 - H. P. Lovecraft, horror writer, (b. 1890)
- 1941 - Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian impressionist painter, (b. 1864)
- 1975 - Aristotle Onassis, shipping magnate, (b. 1906)
- 1983 - Rebecca West, writer, (b. 1892)
- 1990 - Farzad Barzoft , Iranian-born journalist working for the Observer, hanged as a spy in Iraq
- 1990 - Tom Harmon , American football star, broadcaster
- 1994 - Mai Zetterling, Swedish actress and director, (b. 1925)
- 1998 - Benjamin Spock, pediatrician, writer, Olympic gold-medal rower, (b. 1903)
- 2001 - Ann Sothern, actress, (b. 1909)
- 2002 - Sylvester Weaver , television executive
- 2003 - Dame Thora Hird, British actress (b. 1911)
- 2004 - Sir William Pickering, former head of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, (b. 1910)
- 2004 - John Pople, (b. 1925) Theoretical chemist, Nobel laureate
Holidays and observances
- In the Roman calendar, the Ides of March.
- Turkey buzzards return to Hinkley, Ohio .
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Last updated: 02-07-2005 08:43:03
Last updated: 02-19-2005 10:38:14