August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining.
- Wednesday, August 28, 475 - The German general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital of Ravenna and appoints Romulus Augustus in his place.
- Sunday, August 28, 489 - Theoderic, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo , forcing his way into Italy.
- Sunday, August 21, 1521 - The Turks occupy Belgrade
- Saturday, August 28, 1565 - St. Augustine, Florida, established. It is the oldest surviving European settlement in the United States.
- Friday, August 28, 1609 - Henry Hudson discovers Delaware Bay.
- Wednesday, August 28, 1619 - Ferdinand II is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
- 1830 - The Tom Thumb starts the first railway service in the United States.
- 1833 - Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire.
- 1845 - Scientific American magazine publishes first issue
- 1849 - After a siege of over one month, Venice, which had declared itself independent, surrenders to Austria.
- 1850 - Richard Wagner's opera Lohengrin premieres.
- 1862 - Second Battle of Bull Run- also known as the battle of Second Manassas
- 1867 - The United States occupies Midway Island.
- 1879 - Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, is captured by the British.
- 1884 - First known photograph of a tornado is made.
- 1913 - Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
- 1914 - The British fleet beats the German fleet in the so-called Battle of Heligoland Bight (actually a comparatively minor engagement).
- 1916 - Germany declares war on Romania.
- 1916 - Italy declares war on Germany.
- 1917 - Ten suffragists are arrested when picketing the White House.
- 1937 - Toyota Motors becomes an independent company
- 1943 - In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
- 1944 - Marseille and Toulon are liberated.
- 1955 - Black Mississippi boy Emmett Till is murdered for whistling to a white woman and calling her baby.
- 1963 - During a 200,000-person civil rights rally in at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous I have a dream speech.
- 1968 - Riots in Chicago, Illinois during the Democratic National Convention
- 1972 - During the Olympic Games of Munich, Mark Spitz gets his first of seven gold medals in swimming events.
- 1975 - Missionary Armand Doll is imprisoned in Mozambique by Marxist extremists.
- 1979 - An IRA bomb explodes on the Great Market in Brussels.
- 1981 - The National Centers for Disease Control announce a high incidence of Pneumocystis and Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men. Soon, these will be recognized as symptoms of an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
- 1986 - Stage of siege declared in Bolivia.
- 1986 - US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is sentenced to 365 years imprisonment for espionage for the Soviet Union.
- 1988 - At an air show in Ramstein, West Germany, three stunt fighters collide; 69 people die.
- 1990 - Iraq declares Kuwait to be a province of Iraq.
- 1990 - The Plainfield Tornado: An F5 tornado hit in Plainfield, Illinois and Joliet, Illinois killing 28 people.
- 1993 - A dam breaks in Qinghai, China. 223 die.
- 1993 - 76 die in an airplane crash in Tajikistan.
- 1993 - Ong Teng Cheong elected president of Singapore
- 1994 - First Censored page in Japan.
- 1995 - A mortar shell kills 38 people in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The NATO action against Bosnian Serbs was a reaction to this incident.
- 1996 - Britain's Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales are divorced.
- 1998 - Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Quran and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill was defeated in the Senate.
- 2001 - Dutch prime minister Wim Kok announces that he will not be available for another term as PvdA party leader or prime minister after the 2002 elections.
- 1749 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, scientist (d. 1832)
- 1774 - Elizabeth Ann Seton, first American-born Catholic saint (d. 1821)
- 1786 - Pavloec , author
- 1814 - Sheridan le Fanu, writer (d. 1873)
- 1828 - Leo Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1910)
- 1894 - Karl Böhm, Austrian conductor (d. 1981)
- 1897 - Charles Boyer, French actor (d. 1978)
- 1903 - Bruno Bettelheim, psychologist (d. 1990)
- 1904 - Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer (d. 1980)
- 1906 - John Betjeman, poet (d. 1984)
- 1908 - Roger Tory Peterson, ornithologist, illustrator
- 1911 - Joseph Luns, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
- 1913 - Robertson Davies, novelist, playwright (d. 1995)
- 1913 - Richard Tucker, American tenor (d. 1975)
- 1917 - Jack Kirby, comic book artist (d. 1994)
- 1924 - Janet Frame, author
- 1925 - Donald O'Connor, singer, dancer, actor
- 1929 - Istvan Kertesz, Hungarian conductor (d. 1973)
- 1930 - Ben Gazzara, actor
- 1931 - John Shirley-Quirk, English bass-baritone
- 1938 - Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television anchorman
- 1943 - Lou Piniella, baseball manager
- 1947 - Liza Wang, actress (to be included)
- 1951 - Benji Durden , Olympic marathon
- 1953 - Gates McFadden, actress
- 1957 - Daniel Stern, actor
- 1958 - Scott Hamilton, Olympic Games gold medal winning figure skater
- 1960 - Emma Samms, actress
- 1961 - Kim Appleby , singer (Mel & Kim )
- 1965 - Shania Twain, singer
- 1968 - Billy Boyd, Scottish actor, played Pippin in the Lord of the Rings
- 1969 - Jason Priestley, actor
- 1971 - Janet Evans, Olympic swimmer
- 1980 - Eric Schomburg, author
- 1981 - Martin Erat, NHL hockey player
- 1982 - LeAnn Rimes, singer
- 430 - Augustine of Hippo
- 1481 - Afonso V, king of Portugal
- 1818 - Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, founder of Chicago
- 1839 - William Smith, geologist
- 1900 - Henry Sidgwick, philosopher
- 1919 - Louis Botha, Boer leader
- 1943 - King Boris III of Bulgaria
- 1959 - Bohuslav Martinu, composer
- 1965 - Giulio Racah, physicist (b. 1909)
- 1985 - Ruth Gordon, actress
- 1987 - John Huston, movie director
- 1990 - Willy Vandersteen , cartoonist
- 1993 - William Stafford, poet and essayist
- 1995 - Michael Ende, writer
Holidays and observances
- Hong Kong: Liberation Day (1945)
- Many Christian churches: feast day of Saint Augustine of Hippo.
- Software Freedom Day
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Last updated: 02-07-2005 07:03:57
Last updated: 02-24-2005 04:05:47