up to 999
- 1099 - Paschal II elected Pope.
- 1315 - Louis X of France marries Clemence d'Anjou.
- 1326 - Aradia de Toscano is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria later known as the Malandanti .
- 1415 - Henry V of England lands at Chef-en-Caux , France with 8000 men.
- 1516 - Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain signed. In it, Francis recognizes Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognizes Francis's claim to Milan.
- 1521 - Tenochtitlán (present day Mexico City) falls to conquistador Hernán Cortés
- 1553 - Michael Servetus arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
- 1704 - War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim - English and Austrians victorious over French and Bavarians.
- 1905 - Norway holds referendum in favour of dissolving the union with Sweden.
- 1913 - invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
- 1920 - Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw begins, lasts till August 25. The Red Army is defeated.
- 1923 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport.
- 1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain begins - The Luftwaffe launches a series of attacks on British fighter bases and radar installations.
- 1942 - The Walt Disney Company's animated cartoon Bambi premiers.
- 1960 - The Central African Republic declares independence from France.
- 1961 - The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin, to thwart its inhabitants' attempts to escape to the West.
- 1987 - U.S. President Reagan assumes responsibility for his role in the Iran-Contra scandal.
- 1993 - Pope John Paul II visits the United States.
- 1997 - The popular, controversial animated series South Park debuts on Comedy Central.
- 2004 - The 28th Summer Olympics opens in Athens, Greece (August 29).
- 2004 - Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes the Fort Myers area in Florida.
up to 999
- 1311 - Alfonso XI of Castile, king of Castile and Leon (d. 1350)
- 1313 - Aradia de Toscano, insurrectionist, teacher, witch, purported incarnation of the goddess Aradia
- 1422 - William Caxton, printer
- 1625 - Rasmus Bartholin, physician, mathematician and physicist (d. 1698)
- 1666 - William Wotton, Fellow of the Royal Society
- 1792 - Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen - queen consort of King William IV of the United Kingdom
- 1818 - Lucy Stone, pioneering women's rights activist
- 1820 - Sir George Grove, author, Dictionary of Music and Musicians (d. 1900)
- 1823 - Goldwin Smith, historian and journalist (d. 1910)
- 1851 - Felix Adler, educator, founder of the Ethical Movement (d. 1933)
- 1860 - Annie Oakley, sharpshooter (d. 1926)
- 1866 - Giovanni Agnelli, industrialist (d. 1945)
- 1888 - John Logie Baird, television pioneer (d. 1946)
- 1895 - Bert Lahr, actor (d. 1967)
- 1899 - Censored page, director (d. 1980)
- 1902 - Felix Wankel, engineer and inventor (d. 1988)
- 1904 - Charles (Buddy) Rogers , actor (d. 1999)
- 1907 - Sir Basil Spence, architect (d. 1976)
- 1912 - Salvador Luria, biologist; Nobel Prize, 1969 (d. 1991)
- 1912 - Ben Hogan, golf champion (d. 1997)
- 1913 - Fred Davis, English snooker player (d. 1998)
- 1919 - George Shearing, musician
- 1920 - Neville Brand, actor (d. 1992)
- 1927 - Fidel Castro, revolutionary and politician
- 1930 - Don Ho, musician
- 1933 - Doctor Joycelyn Elders, United States Surgeon General
- 1935 - Jim (Mudcat) Grant , baseball player
- 1948 - Kathleen Battle, soprano
- 1949 - Bobby Clarke, ice hockey star
- 1951 - Dan Fogelberg, singer
- 1952 - Herb Ritts, celebrity photographer (d. 2004)
- 1959 - Danny Bonaduce, actor
- 1969 - Midori Ito, Japanese figure skater
- 1970 - Alan Shearer, England and Newcastle soccer player
- 1975 - Joe Perry, English snooker player
- 900 - Zwentibold, last King of Lotharingia
- 1667 - Jeremy Taylor - author and bishop of Down and Connor
- 1686 - Louis Maimbourg, historian
- 1863 - Eugène Delacroix, painter
- 1910 - Florence Nightingale, nursing pioneer
- 1912 - Jules Massenet, composer (b. 1842)
- 1946 - H. G. Wells, writer
- 1964 - Gwynne Owen Evans and Peter Anthony Allen, murderers. The last people to be executed in Great Britain.
- 1965 - Ikeda Hayato, thrice Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
- 1989 - Tim Richmond, NASCAR race car driver (b. 1955)
- 1995 - Mickey Mantle, Baseball Hall of Fame member (b. 1931)
- 1996 - David Tudor, pianist and composer
- 2003 - Helmut Rahn, German soccer player
- 2003 - Ed Townsend, songwriter and producer
- 2004 - Julia Child, American chef, TV personality (b. 1912)
Holidays and observances
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Last updated: 02-06-2005 17:03:49
Last updated: 02-11-2005 17:47:38