The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days.

April begins (astrologically) with the sun in the sign of Aries and ends in the sign of Taurus. Astronomically speaking, the sun begins in the constellation of Pisces and ends in the constellation of Aries.

The name is derived from the Latin aprilis, either from the Latin word aperire which means "to open", probably referring to growing plants in spring, or from the Etruscan name Apru for Aphrodite.

April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar and had 29 days. Julius Caesar's calendar reform in 45 BCE resulted in April having 30 days and becoming the fourth month, as the year now began in January.

In old Japanese calendar, the month is called Uzuki (卯月).


April in poetry

Poets identify April with the end of winter, but they don't necessarily agree on what that means:

  • Adage:
April showers bring May flowers
Whan that April with his showres soote (that is, sweet)
The droughte of March hath perced to the roote,
And bathed every veine in swich licour,
Of which vertu engendred is the flowr; (ll. 1-4)
Modernized for The Norton Anthology of English Literature
April is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.
To what purpose, April, do you return again?
Beauty is not enough.
You can no longer quiet me with the redness
Of little leaves opening stickily.
I know what I know.
The sun is hot on my neck as I observe
The spikes of the crocus.
The smell of the earth is good.
It is apparent that there is no death.
But what does that signify?
Not only under ground are the brains of men
Eaten by maggots.
Life in itself
Is nothing,
An empty cup, a flight of uncarpeted stairs.
It is not enough that yearly, down this hill,
Comes like an idiot, babbling and strewing flowers.

The Tragic Month of April

April also is noticeable for its close connection with warfare. An unusually large number of wars have started or ended in Aprils, and many military leaders (ex. Hitler) have been born in April. Just a few wars that started/ended in April are,

American Revolution Started (Paul Reveres Ride: April 18-19 1775) American Civil War (Started April 1861 Ended April 1865, thus "Across 5 Aprils") World War Two (Germany Surrenders in April, 1945)

Other Tragedies that have occurred in the month of April include

  • President Abraham Lincoln's Assassination (April 14,1865)
  • 1906 San Francisco Earthquake (April 18, 1906)
  • The sinking of the RMS Titanic (April 14-15,1912)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated (April 4,1968)
  • Super Tornado Outbreak (April 3-4,1974)
  • Chornobyl nuclear accident (April 26,1986)
  • The bloody end to the Branch Dividan siege in Waco, Texas (April 19,1993)
  • The Oklahoma City Bombing (April 19, 1995)
  • Columbine High School shooting (April 20,1999)


April Events

Monthlong events in April

  • Chocolate Eaters Month
  • Grass Month
  • Pets Are Wonderful Month
  • Uh-huh Month
  • Cancer Control Month
  • Child Abuse Prevention Month
  • Freedom Shrine Month
  • International Guitar Month
  • Keep America Beautiful Month
  • Listening Awareness Month
  • Mathematics Education Month
  • Multicultural Communication Month
  • National Anxiety Month
  • National Garden Month
  • National Home Improvement Month
  • National Humor Month
  • National Occupational Therapy Month
  • National Welding Month
  • Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Month
  • Sports Eye Safety Month
  • Boscov's Did-You-Boscov-Today Month
  • Philatelic Societies Month
  • VD Awareness Month
  • National Food Month
  • Stress Awareness Month
  • Alcohol Awareness Month
  • Holy Humor Month
  • International Amateur Radio Month
  • International Twit Award Month
  • Month of the Young Child
  • National Florida Tomato Month
  • Multicultural Communication Month
  • National Knuckles Down Month
  • National Sexually Transmitted Diseases Education and Awareness Month
  • National Woodworking Month
  • Sea Cadet Month
  • Thai Heritage Month
  • Sports Eye Safety Month
  • Community Services Month (California)
  • Listening Awareness Month
  • Autism Awareness Month
  • Rick Boehm Awareness Month

Weeklong events in April

1st Week in April

  • Medic Alert Week
  • Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Publicity Stunt Week
  • National Birthparents Week
  • Week of the Young Child
  • Cruelest Month Week (Fairy)
  • Straw Hat Week
  • National Bake Week (begins 1st Mon)
  • Consider Christianity Week
  • National Reading a Road Map Week
  • Hate Week

2nd Week in April

  • Be Kind to Animals Week
  • Masters Golf Tournament
  • National Medical Laboratory Week
  • Private Property Week (10th-16th)
  • National Library Week
  • Harmony Week
  • National Garden Week
  • TV Turn-Off Week
  • National Guitar Week
  • National Building Safety Week
  • National Home Safety Week

3rd Week in April

  • Library Forgiveness Week
  • National Police Week
  • Lefty Awareness Week
  • Boys and Girls Club Week
  • Astronomy Week
  • National Coin Week
  • Bike Safety Week
  • National Bubblegum Week
  • Pan American Week
  • National Week of the Ocean
  • National Crime Victims’ Rights Week
  • National Volunteer Week
  • Toonik Tyme (Aboriginal)Traditional Inuit games

Last Week in April

  • Forest Week
  • National Lingerie Week
  • Canada-US Goodwill Week
  • Big Brothers/Sisters Appreciation Week
  • Consumer Protection Week
  • National TV-Free Week
  • Jewish Heritage Week
  • Grange Week
  • Keep Amerca Beautiful Week
  • National YMCA Week
  • Professional Secretaries Week
  • National Give-A-Sample Week
  • Sky Awareness Week
  • Intergenerational Week
  • Reading Is Fun Week
  • Week of the Young Child
  • Egg Salad Week
  • Teacher Appreciation Week (begins Last Mon)

A Week in April

  • Astronomy Week (determined by 1st Quarter Moon)

April Movable Daily Holidays

1st Sunday

  • Daylight Saving Time begins; turn your clock ahead at 2:00 a.m.
  • Budoha Day (Hawaii)
  • Wesak (Buddha's Birthday)
  • Set-Your Clock-Forward-Day

1st Saturday

  • Saturday Market Day (Oregon)

1st Saturday before 5th

  • Tax Saturday (UK)

1st Thursday

  • Glarus Festival (Switzerland)

1st Friday

  • Student Government Day (Massachusetts)

Friday after 1st

  • Arbor Day (Apache, Navajo, Coconino, Mohave, Yavapai; Arizona)

2nd Friday

  • Audubon Day

3rd Sunday & Monday

  • Sechselauten (Six Ringing Festival; Switzerland)

3rd Monday

  • Patriot's Day (Maine, Massachusetts)
  • Boston Marathon

Thursday between 19th & 26th

  • First Day of Summer (Iceland)

Saturday nearest St. George's Day (23rd)

  • Peppercorn Day (Bermuda)

Monday nearest Feast Day of St. George (23rd)

  • St. George's Day (Newfoundland)

Sunday after 1st full moon after vernal equinox following Passover

  • Lambri (Bright Day; Greece)

3rd Monday

  • Patriots' Day (Maine, Massachusetts)

4th Monday

  • Fast Day (New Hampshire)

4th Thursday

  • Take Our Daughters to Work Day

4th Weekend

  • Just Pray No weekend

Last Monday

  • Confederate Memorial Day (Alabama, Mississippi)

Last Friday

  • Arbor Day
  • Bird Day

Wednesday of Last Full Week

  • Professional Secretaries Day

April Indeterminate Holidays

Full Moon Day of 6th Buddhist month (@ Apr/May)

  • Vesak

Sun enters Aries

  • Solar New Year (Southeast Asia)
  • aka Thingyan (Burma)
  • aka Songkran (Thailand)

10th through 15th Day of 2nd lunar month

  • Paro Tsechu (Bhutan)

During planting season (@ Apr/May)

  • Tyi Wara (Mali)

Early April to late July (every 4 years)

  • Summer Olympics begin

Late April or May

  • Alp Aufzug (Switzerland)

Before 1st rainfall (@ Apr/May)

  • Bobo Masquerade (Burkina Faso)

Sometime in April

  • World Champioinship Cow Chip Throwing Contest
  • Palm Sunday - Christian
  • Palm Sunday - Armenian Christian
  • GOOD FRIDAY - Christian
  • Easter - Christian
  • Pesach-Passover (Jewish)

April Daily Holidays

April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

See also

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