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Numbers in various languages

The following is a table of the numbers 0 through 10 in a sample of the languages and writings of the world.


Language 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Indo-European languages ----
Germanic languages ----
English zero / nil one two three four five six seven eight nine ten
Danish nul en to tre fire fem seks syv otte ni ti
Dutch nul een twee drie vier vijf zes zeven acht negen tien
Frisian nol ien twa trije fjouwer fiif ses san acht njoggen tsien
German (listen) null eins zwei drei vier fnf sechs sieben acht neun zehn
Icelandic nll einn tveir rr fjrir fimm sex sj tta nu tu
Norwegian ett to tre fire fem sex sju otte ni ti
Scots nocht ane twa three fower five sax sieven aicht nine ten
Swedish noll en (ett) två tre fyra fem sex sju åtta nio tio
Italic and Romance languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Latin unus duo tres quattuor quinque sex septem octo novem decem
Catalan zero un dos tres quatre cinc sis set vuit nou deu
French zro un deux trois quatre cinq six sept huit neuf dix
Italian zero uno due tre quattro cinque sei sette otto nove dieci
Portuguese zero um dois trs quatro cinco seis sete oito nove dez
Romanian zero unu doi trei patru cinci şase şapte opt nou zece
Spanish cero uno dos tres cuatro cinco seis siete ocho nueve diez
Wallon zr onk / one deus troes cwate cnk shjh set t nov djh
Greek 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Greek μηδέν
mithen
ένα
ena
δύο
dio
τρία
tria
τέσσερα
tessera
πέντε
pente
έξι
exi
επτά / εφτά
epta / efta
οκτώ / οχτώ
okto / okto
εννέα
ennea
δέκα
deka
Armenian 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Armenian meg yergou yerek tchors hink vetss yoteh outeh inneh dasseh
Illyrian languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Albanian (listen) zero nj dy tre katr pes gjasht shtat tet nnt dhjet
Baltic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Latvian viens div trys cetiri penki šeši septyni aštuoni devyni desmit
Lithuanian vienas du trys keturi penki šeši septyni aštuoni devyni dešimt
Slavic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Bulgarian нула
(nula)
едно
(edno)
две
(dve)
три
(tri)
четири
(chetiri)
пет
(pet)
шест
(shest)
седем
(sedem)
осем
(osem)
девет
(devet)
десет
(deset)
Czech nula jeden dva tři čtyři pět šest sedm osm devět deset
Macedonian nula
нула
eden
еден
dva
два
tri
три
četiri
четири
pet
пет
šest
шест
sedum
седум
osum
осум
devet
девет
deset
десет
Polish zero jeden dwa trzy cztery pięć sześć siedem osiem dziewięć dziesięć
Russian (listen) ноль
nol'
один
odin
два
dva
три
tri
четыре
chetyrye
пять
pyat'
шесть
shest'
семь
syem'
восемь
vosyem'
девять
dyevyat'
десять
dyesyat'
Serbo-Croat nula
нула
jedan
један
dva
два
tri
три
četiri
четири
pet
пет
šest
шест
sedam
седам
osam
осам
devet
девет
deset
десет
Slovak nula jeden dva tri štyri šesť sedem osem devť desať
Slovene nič ena dva tri štiri pet šest sedem osem devet deset
Ukrainian ноль
nol'
один
odyn
два
dva
три
try
чотири
chotyry
п'ять
p'yat'
шiсть
shist'
сiм
sim
вiсiм
visim
дев'ять
dev'yat'
десять
desyat'
Indo-Iranian languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Sanskrit eka- dau- traya- cetura- pancha- sas sapta- astau- naua- dasa-
Hindi 1 sunya / sifar ek do tin tchar (char) panch tch (chhah) sat at (ath) no (nau) das
Persian yek do se chahr panj shesh haft hasht noh dah
Romany jekh duj trin shtar pandzh shov efta oxto inja desh
Celtic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Breton zero unan daou (m)
diw (f)
tri
teir
pewar
peder
pemp c'hwec'h seizh eizh naw deg
Welsh dim un dau (m) / dwy (f) tri / tair pedwar / pedair pump chwech saith wyth naw deg
Irish nialas aon do trí ceathair cúig s seacht ocht naoi deich
Scottish neoni aon dh tr ceithir cig sia seachd ochd naoi deich
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Arabic 2 ٠
sifer
صِفْر
١
whid
واحِد
٢
ithnayn
إِثنان
٣
thaltha
ثَلاثة
٤
arba`a
أرْبَعَة
٥
khamsa
خَمْسة
٦
sitta
سِتَّة
٧
sab`a
سَبْعَة
٨
thamniya
ثَمانِة
٩
tis`a
تِسْعة
١٠
`ashara
عَشَرة
Maltese xejn wieħed tnejn tlieta erbgħa ħamsa sitta sebgħa tmienja disgħa għaxra
Hebrew אפס אחת
אחד
שתיים
שניים
שלוש
שלושה
ארבע
ארבעה
חמש
חמישה
שש
שישה
שבע
שבעה
שמונה
שמונה
תשע
תשעה
עשר
עשרה
efes aħat shtayeem shalosh arbah ħamesh sesh shehvah shmoneh tayshah esair
Amharic ande hulet sost arat hammist siddist sebat semmint zetegn asar
Dravidian languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Malayalam onnu rantu mûnnu nâlu añju âru êru ettu onpatu pattu
Tamil onru irantu nru nku aintu âru êlu ettu onpatu pattu
Telugu okati rendu du nâlugu aidu âru êdu enimidi tommidi padi
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Burmese tac hnac suMh leh ngah krok khu hnac rhac kuih chay
Cantonese 3 lihng
yat
yih/lehuhng
二/两
saahm
seih
ng
luhk
chat
baaht
gauh
sahp
Mandarin 3 lng

r/liǎng
二/两
sān
s

li


jiǔ
sh
Shanghainese (a Wu Chinese dialect) 3 rin
ich
ni / rian
二/两
s
si
n
roch
chich
pach
ciou
zach
Tibetan klad kor gcig gnyis gsum bzhi lnga drug bdun brgyad dgu bcu
Tai-Kadai languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Thai
sŏon

nung

sŏng

săm

se

h

hk

jt

pht

go
๑๐
sp
Mon-Khmer languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Vietnamese số không / cê-rô một hai ba bốn / tư năm sáu bảy tám chín mười / chục
Caucasian languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Georgian erti ori sami otkhi khuti eksvi shvidi rva tskhra ati
Uralic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Estonian null üks kaks kolm neli viis kuus seitse kaheksa üheksa kümme
Finnish nolla yksi kaksi kolme nelj viisi kuusi seitsemn kahdeksan yhdeksn kymmenen
Hungarian nulla egy kettő hrom ngy t hat ht nyolc kilenc tz
Sami okta guokte golbma njeallje vihtta guhtta cieza gavcci ovcci logi
Altaic languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Mongolian neg khoyor gurav duruv tav zurgaa doloo naim ies arva
Turkish sıfır bir iki drt beş altı yedi sekiz doguz on
Austronesian languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Cebuano usa duha tulo upat lima unom pito walo siyam napulo
Indonesian satu dua tiga empat lima enam tujuh delapan sembilan sepuluh
Tagalog isa dalawa tatlo apat lima anim pito walo siyam sampu
Maori tahi rua toru whâ rima ono whitu waru iwa tekau
Samoan tasi lua tolu fa lima ono fitu valu iva sefulu
Native American languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Guarani peteï moköi mbohapy irundy (as in Spanish)
Cherokee sagwu ta'li jo'i nvhgi hisgi sudali gahlgwogi janela sohnela sgohi
Mayan hun ca ox can ho uac uuc uaxac bolon lahun
Mapuche kiñe epu küla meli kechu kayu relqe pura ailla mari
Navajo láá'ii naaki táá díí` `ashdla` hastáá tsots`id tseebíí náhást`éí neezná
Quechua huk iskay kimsa tawa pichqa soqta qanchis pusaq isqon chunka
Language isolates 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Korean yeong
hana
하나
il
dul

i
set

sam
net

sa
daseot
다섯
o
yeoseot
여섯
yuk
ilgop
일곱
chil
yeodeol
여덟
pal
ahop
아홉
gu
yeol

sip
Japanese 4
zero / rei
ゼロ / れい

hitotsu / ichi
いち

futatsu / ni

mittsu / san
さん

yottsu / shi
し / よん

itsutsu / go

muttsu / roku
ろく

nanatsu / shichi
しち / なな

yattsu / hachi
はち

kokonotsu / ku
きゅう

t / j
じゅう
Basque bat bi hiru lau bost sei zazpi zortzi bederatzi hamar
Etruscan thu zal ci huth mak sa semph cezp nurph zal(ch)
Constructed languages 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Brithenig sero / rhen yn dew trui cathr cinc sei seth oeth noe deg
Esperanto nulo unu du tri kvar kvin ses sep ok naŭ dek
Klingon pagh wa' cha' wej loS vagh jav Soch chorgh Hut wa'maH
Lojban no pa re ci vo mu xa ze bi so pano
Nuirn ingen haon tuâ þrí fiòra féam stvac siù ácht naoi
Quenya qua min atta neld canta lemp enqu otso tolto nert cainen
Slovio nul din dva tri cxtir piat sxes siem vos dev des
Volapk nul bal tel kil fol lul mäl vel jöl zül bals
Wenedyk zero un dwu trzej kwastru cząc szecz siecę ostu nw dziecz


1The forms between brackets are transcriptions different from the Hindi.

2Although English names its numerals Arabic numerals, they came to Europe through India, originally from the Islamic civilization. Arab countries use other symbols for numerals, although with the same decimal structure. In the table, these figures appear in the top row of the text. For numbers with several digits, one writes in increasing powers of ten (units first, then tens, and so on). As in the west, the units are on the right and the greater powers of ten are on the left, as shown for the Arabic ten in the table. In the transliteration, th must be read about like English th, although closer to the S than Z or V . kh is a guttural R, as in Khaled, similar to the German CH of Bach (IPA χ, ).

3There are two different characters which mean "2"

  • r (二) is used for numbers ("the year 2000")
  • liăng (两) is used to describe ("I have two fruits")

4 the Japanese usually use the Arabic numerals, but still use Chinese characters (kanji) in calligraphy or when written in columns. The word shi (死) means "death", in some cases yon replaces shi (4) and nana replaces shichi (7).

See also

External links


Last updated: 10-24-2004 05:10:45