The letter F is the sixth letter in the Latin alphabet.
F developed from the digraph FH that stood for /f/.
The Etruscans were the inventors of this digraph; F on its own stood for /w/ in Etruscan as in Greek (where the letter F,called Digamma in Greek, has disappeared due to the fact that the /w/ phoneme itself disappeared.) The origin of F is the Semitic letter wâw that also represented /w/ and originally probably represented a hook or a club.
The minuscule f is not to be confused with ſ, the archaic long s (or medial s). For example, "sinfulness" is rendered as "ſinfulneſs" using the long s. The use of the long s died out by the end of the 19th century, largely to prevent confusion with f.
In English, F represents the voiceless labiodental fricative ('f' in IPA), although in certain words, such as "of", it can be a voiced labiodental fricative ('v' in IPA). The digraph "ff", pronounced 'f', is often used at the end of words (and, in rare personal or placenames, at the beginning). Both initial and final F are commonly used with other discrete consonants.
In other languages, F can take on different values, such as 'ɸ' (voiceless bilabial fricative) in Spanish and Romanized Japanese or 'v' in Welsh (which uses the "ff" digraph for IPA 'f'). Different digraphs can also be used, such as "pf" in German for the affricate formed by 'p' and 'f'.
Foxtrot represents the letter F in the NATO phonetic alphabet.
In international Morse code the letter F is DitDitDahDit: · · - ·
In Braille the letter F is represented as ⠋ (in Unicode), the dot pattern,
In Unicode the capital F is codepoint U+0046 and the lowercase f is U+0066.
The ASCII code for capital F is 70 and for lowercase f is 102; or in binary 01000110 and 01100110, correspondingly.
The EBCDIC code for capital F is 198 and for lowercase f is 134.
The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "F" and "f" for upper and lower case respectively.
In formal typography, particularly for serifed fonts, minuscule f is one of the most commonly ligated letters. Unicode has the ligatures with f, l, i, and t: ﬀ, ﬁ, ﬂ, ﬃ, ﬄ and ﬅ (U+fb00 through U+fb05).
Meanings for F
- In the atmosphere of Earth, the F layer is part of the ionosphere.
- In biochemistry, F is the symbol for phenylalanine.
- In calendars, F is often an abbreviation for Friday, or for the month February.
- In chemistry, F is the symbol for fluorine.
- In communications, F sometimes stands for fax number.
- In computer science, the F programming language is a subset of Fortran 95, intended for educational and scientific use.
- In education, F is a failing grade
- In electronics, an F connector (i.e. used for inlet in cablemodems). See http://www.marine-electronics.net/techarticle/coax/f-con.htm
- In financial securities, F is the NYSE ticker stock symbol for Ford Motor Company.
- In grammar, F is often an abbreviation for the female grammatical gender.
- In information systems, F is often used as an abbreviation for the female sex in personal data records.
- In language, F is often used as mild censorship for the vulgar word, fuck.
- In international licence plate codes, F stands for France.
- In mathematics, F is often used as a digit meaning fifteen in hexadecimal and other positional numeral systems with a radix of 16 or greater.
- In the Metric system,
- In music,
- In optics, f is the focal length
- In photography, f is the focal length and F the F-number
- In physics, F is usually the Faraday constant. f is sometimes the variable for frequency
- In printing, f. is an abbreviation for folio (page in a book), although it is more common to see ff. as the plural form.
- In propositional logic F is the symbol for false.
- In radiocommunication, F is one of the ITU prefixes allocated to France.
- In temperature, ºF (or ℉, Unicode U+2109) is degrees Fahrenheit.
- In weather, F is the abbreviation for the Fujita-Pearson Tornado Scale that classifies tornados according to wind speed (F1 through F5).
Variants of F
- The capital F with hook (Unicode U+0191, Ƒ) is used in the transcription of certain African languages
- The small F with hook (Unicode U+0192, ƒ) or small script F, is the monetary symbol for the Dutch florin, as well as the mathematical symbol of function
F with dot above (Unicode U+1e1e and U+1e1f, Ḟ and ḟ) is used in the old orthography of Irish Gaelic
- The French Franc can be written FF or ₣ (Unicode U+20a3)
- In mathematics, the script capital F (Unicode U+2131, ℱ) represents the Fourier transform
- There also exists:
- The turned capital F (Unicode U+2132, Ⅎ)
- The parenthesized small F (Unicode U+24a1, ⒡)
- The circled F (Unicode U+24bb and U+24d5, Ⓕ and ⓕ)