(7th century BC  6th century BC  5th century BC  other centuries)
(600s BC  590s BC  580s BC  570s BC  560s BC  550s BC  540s BC  530s BC  520s BC  510s BC  500s BC  other decades)
(2nd millennium BC  1st millennium BC  1st millennium AD)
Events
Significant persons

Stesichorus of Sicily, lyric poet (c. 640555 BC).

Solon of Athens, one of the Seven Sages of Greece (638  558 BC).

Thales, Greek mathematician ( 635  543 BC). Predicts solar eclipse in 585 BC.

Pythagoras of Samos, Greek mathematician. See Pythagorean theorem. (582  496 BC).

Cyrus the Great, king of Persia ( 576  529 BC, reigned 559  529 BC).

Gautama Buddha, founding figure of Buddhism (c. 563  483 BC).

Confucius, founding figure of Confucianism (551  479 BC).

Aeschylus of Athens, playwright (525  456 BC).

Darius I, King of Persia (reigned 521  485 BC).

Lehi, first prophet recorded in the Book of Mormon
Inventions, discoveries, introductions