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Excessive case

Grammatical cases
List of grammatical cases
Abessive case
Ablative case
Absolutive case
Adessive case
Allative case
Causal case
Causal-final case
Comitative case
Dative case
Dedative case
Delative case
Disjunctive case
Distributive case
Distributive-temporal case
Elative case
Essive case
Essive-formal case
Essive-modal case
Excessive case
Final case
Formal case
Genitive case
Illative case
Inessive case
Instructive case
Instrumental case
Lative case
Locative case
Modal case
Multiplicative case
Oblique case
Objective case
Partitive case
Possessive case
Postpositional case
Prepositional case
Prolative case
Prosecutive case
Separative case
Sociative case
Sublative case
Superessive case
Temporal case
Terminative case
Translative case
Vialis case
Vocative case
Morphosyntactic alignment
Absolutive case
Accusative case
Ergative case
Instrumental case
Instrumental-comitative case
Intransitive case
Nominative case
Declension in English

The excessive case is a grammatical case, which denotes a transition away from a state. It is a rare case found in certain dialects of Balto-Finnic languages . It completes the series of "to/in/from a state" series consisting of the translative case, the essive case and the excessive case.


The excessive is found only in Savo and southeastern dialects; speakers from other regions do not recognise it. Its ending is -nta/ntä. For example, tärähtäneentä terveeksi = "from looney to healthy", or a state change from mental illness to mental health.


In the general pattern of the loss of a final vowel when compared to Finnish, the Estonian excessive ending is -nt. For example, tagant = from behind (something).

A Finnish text on the dialectal excessive:

Last updated: 02-09-2005 14:54:45
Last updated: 03-02-2005 13:22:22