The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






County Monaghan

County Monaghan
Area: 1,294 km²
Capital: Monaghan
Code: MN
Population: 52,593 (2002)
Province: Ulster

Monaghan (Irish: Contae Muineachán) is a county in the Republic of Ireland. It is one of three counties situated in the province of Ulster without being part of Northern Ireland. The name comes from the Irish, derived from Muine Cheain meaning the Land of the little hills. This name refers to the density of drumlins in the area, those small hills formed from glacial action (during a previous ice age).

The county borders County Tyrone (Northern Ireland) to the north, County Armagh (NI) to the east, County Louth (Republic of Ireland) to the southeast, County Meath (ROI) to the south, County Cavan (ROI) to the southwest and County Fermanagh (NI) to the west. There is a pene-enclave jutting into Fermanagh in the western area of the county.

Monaghan is the principal town. Other major towns include Carrickmacross, Castleblayney, and Clones.

Monaghan is the birthplace of the poet and writer Patrick Kavanagh, who based much of his work in the county. Kavanagh is one of the most significant figures in mid 20th century Irish Poetry. The poem Stony Grey Soil refers to the county.


There are several mountains in the county: Mullyash Mountain , Slieve Beagh (on the Irish border with Tyrone and Fermanagh) and Coolberrin Hill (214 m).

There are also a large number of lakes, including Lough Egish, Lough Fea , Mucky Lough , Lough Araghlon , Inner Lough , Drunlona Lough and White Lough .

Rivers in Monaghan include the river Fane (in the southeast of the county and along the border with Louth), river Glyde (along the Louth and Meath borders) and the river Blackwater (along the border with Tyrone, Northern Ireland).

Last updated: 08-17-2005 22:00:25