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Bordeaux (Bordèu in Gascon) is a port city in the south-west of France. It is the capital of the Aquitaine région, as well as the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Gironde département. Its inhabitants are called Bordelais. The population of the metropolitan area (in French: aire urbaine) at the 1999 census was 925,253. Bordeaux is also the name of the wine produced in the region surrounding the city.



The city is built on an arc of the river Garonne, and is thus divided into two parts: the right bank to the East and left bank in the West.


  • Bordeaux was founded around 300 BC under the Roman name Burdigala
  • The city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732, after he had defeated Duke Eudes and before he was killed during the Battle of Tours on October 10.
  • From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux was an English King's fief
  • The 18th century was its golden age, because of the trades with the West Indies. Hotels on the quays are from this period.
  • During WWI, the French government withdrew to the city.


The Bordeaux region is home to many of the most prestigious wine producers in the world. Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red Bordeaux is called claret in England.

Red Bordeaux is generally made from a blend of grapes and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, and Malbec. White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, and Muscadelle .

The Bordeaux wine region is divided into subregions including Saint-Émilion, Pomerol, Médoc, and Graves. The area's five 'premier cru' (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Chateau Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 are among the most sought after and expensive wines in the world:

Sauternes is a subregion of Graves famous for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Chateau d'Yquem.



Bordeaux was the birthplace of:


Girondins de Bordeaux is the local football team.

External links

  • Bordeaux city council website
  • Official Girondins de Bordeaux website

Last updated: 02-07-2005 03:13:50
Last updated: 02-11-2005 17:47:38