The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Premier of the People's Republic of China

The Premier (Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the "Prime Minister", is the Chairman of the State Council of the People's Republic of China and head of Central People's Government. The Premier is formally approved by the National People's Congress upon the nomination of the President. In practice, both the President and the Premier are selected after high level negotiations within the Communist Party of China. The Premier is generally a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo and usually second or third in the Communist Party hierarchy.

The Premier is responsible for organizing and administrating the Chinese civil bureaucracy. Significantly, the Premier does not have authority over the People's Liberation Army. In recent years, there has been a division of labor between the Premier and the President of the People's Republic of China in which the Premier is responsible for the technical details of implementing government policy while the President gathers the political support necessary for government policy.

List of Premiers

  • Li Peng - (1987March 17, 1998). He was made acting Premier of the PRC in November 1987 and full Premier in April 1988. He remained Premier until 1998 when he was made head of the National People's Congress.

See also: Political position ranking of PRC

Last updated: 05-06-2005 15:08:41