The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Tsetse fly

Tsetse fly

Conservation status: Secure

|- | style="text-align:center;" | Tsetse fly
|- style="text-align:center;" ! style="background: pink;" | Scientific classification |- style="text-align:center;" |

|- valign=top |Kingdom:||Animalia |- valign=top |Phylum:||Arthropoda |- valign=top |Class:||Insecta |- valign=top |Order:||Diptera |- valign=top |Family:||Glossinidae |- valign=top |Genus:||Glossina |- valign=top |Species:||morsitans |} |- style="text-align:center;" ! style="background: pink;" | Binomial name |- style="text-align:center;" |Glossina morsitans |} The tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans, is a fly (order Diptera) that eats blood from animals, including humans.

The tsetse fly can carry the protozoa human pathogen Trypanosoma brucei, which causes African sleeping sickness. Tsetse flies have specialized cells that contain bacterial endosymbionts.

Since females only mate once in their short life, the International Atomic Energy Agency has been introducing irradiated males into the environment. Since this process sterilizes the male, greater numbers of sterilized males have led to a drop in reproductive rates, which has also led to a drop in Sleeping sickness amongst humans. See Sterile Atomic Fly.

Last updated: 02-10-2005 07:40:07
Last updated: 05-03-2005 17:50:55