The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and the Phoenician city of Carthage. They are known as the "Punic" Wars because Rome's name for Carthaginians was Punici (older Poenici, due to their Phoenician ancestry).
- The First Punic War was primarily a naval war fought between 264 BC and 241 BC.
- The Second Punic War is famous for Hannibal's crossing of the Alps and was fought between 218 BC and 202 BC.
- The Third Punic War resulted in the destruction of Carthage and was fought between 149 BC and 146 BC.
Also see ancient warfare.