The term Palestine may refer to:
As even the term "Palestine" is open to many interpretations and has political connotations, its meaning varies tremendously across differing points of view on the political situation in the area. (For varying definitions, see definitions of Palestine.)
The first attested use of the term as a geographical description for the region is in Herodotus, who spoke Greek. The term gained wider currency when Hadrian renamed the province of Judea Syria Palęstina after crushing Bar Kokhba's revolt in 135. Etymologically, the term was based on the Aegean people known as Philistines that lived in the coastal areas in pre-Roman times. Since then, the area has been subject to various conquests, administrative divisions and corresponding names.