The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







Locri Epizefiri was founded in 680 BC on the shores of the Ionian Sea, near Capo Zefirio (from the name of a wind), by the Locrians, apparently by Opuntii (East Locrians) from the city of Opus, but including Ozolae (West Locrians) and Lacedaemonians. (Strabo suggests that it was the Ozolae who were the main founders however.)

Locri Epizefiri was one of the more important cities of the Magna Graecia. Plato called it "Italian flower", due to the local peoples' characteristics.

Due to hard winds in the place, they moved to the actual Locri site, where the city was founded. After one century, a wall around the city was created from large blocks. Outside the city there are several necropoli, some of which are very large.

Locri was founded as result of an enterprise of a noble family in the Central Locride in Greece. In the early centuries Locri Epizefiri was allied with Sparta, and later with Syracuse.

It founded two colonies of its own, Hipponion and Medma .

It was a substantial town, allied to Rome in the time of Polybius. It was finally destroyed by the Saracens.

Ionic temple of Marasā

In the first half of 5th century BC, the Locrians destroyed the archaic temple and rebuilt a new temple in the Ionic style. The temple was designed by Syracusean architects around 470 BC based on the idea of Hiero I of Syracuse.

The new temple has the same place as the previous one but it has a different orientation. The temple was destroyed in the 11th century. The dimensions of the temple were 45.5 meters x 19.8 meters. The cell is free by supports on the central axes. The pronaos had two columns. The temple has 17 ionic columns on the long side, and 6 on the front. The height of the temple was 12 meters.

The theater

The theater has been built not far from the ancient city, in the Contrada Pirettina. It was dug in a beautiful place, in order to take advantage of the hills. The theater was built in the IVth century b.c. The original structure had space for more than 4,500 people, now it is visible only the central part of the theater. Part of the Cavea (Koilon in Greek) was cut in the rocks. Each plane was divided in 7 wedges Kerkėdes between 6 scales Klimakes . An horizontal separation Diazoma divided the upper theater Epitheatron from the lower theater.

The Theater

The main street

The temple

Last updated: 05-23-2005 04:59:37