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List of Spanish monarchs

This is a list of Spanish monarchs - that is, rulers of united Spain. The forerunners of the Spanish throne were the following:

These lineages were eventually united by the marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. Although their kingdoms continued to be separate, with their personal union they ruled them together as one dominion. Ferdinand also conquered the southern part of Navarre and annexed it to Spain. Isabella left her kingdom to her daughter Joanna. Ferdinand served as her regent during her insanity; though rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced with Joanna's husband Philip I of Castile, he resumed his regency after Philip's death. Joanna's son, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, succeeded her on the throne of Castile; and he also succeeded his grandfather Ferdinand on the Aragonese throne when Ferdinand died in 1516; thereafter the thrones were united.


Kings, Queens of Spain:

House of Habsburg (or Austria, as it was known in Spain)

House of Bourbon

House of Bonaparte

House of Bourbon (restored)

House of Savoy

First Spanish Republic 1873-1874

House of Bourbon (restored)

Second Spanish Republic 1931-1939

rule of Francisco Franco 1939-19758

House of Bourbon (restored)


1 There was a brief interregnum following Carlos II's death, during which the decision of the Duc d'Anjou as to whether he would accept the Spanish throne was awaited.
2 There was a short interregnum following the death of King Luis before his father resumed the throne.
3 Throughout much of Spain, Fernando's abdication was not recognized to be valid, having been given under duress. The Supreme Governing Junta established on 25 September 1808, which was recognized as the legitimate government of Spain by Britain, Portugal, and other governments, continued to recognize Fernando as King.
4 Following Carlos IV's second abdication, there was a month long interregnum, during which Marshal Joachim Murat ruled Spain as Lieutenant-General and Governor of the Realm.
5 This was Napoleon's brother Joseph. He was not universally recognized as King, and following the Bourbon restoration, his acts were largely considered to have been invalid.
6 Following Isabel's abdication, there was a more than two year interregnum, during which time the government sought a new monarch from abroad.
7 Following Alfonso XII's death, there was an interregnum until the birth of his posthumous son Alfonso XIII.
8In 1947, Franco proclaimed the restoration of the monarchy, but did not allow the pretender, the Count of Barcelona , to take the throne.

See also: Kings of Spain family tree

Last updated: 11-08-2004 11:24:20