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Lake Ladoga

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Lake Ladoga (Russian: Ладожское озеро, Finnish: Laatokka) is the largest lake in Europe, located in Karelia, since WWII in northwestern Russia near the border to Finland.

The area of the lake is 17,700 km² (approximately 6,800 square miles). The lake drains into the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea via river Neva.

Ladoga has its own endemic Ringed Seal subspecies.

The most important tributaries are:

Border between East and West

16171721 the border between Sweden and Russia was drawn through Lake Ladoga, like later 18121940 the border between Finland and Russia.

The 10th century Valamo Monastery was founded on the island of Valaam (Finnish: Valamo), the largest in Lake Ladoga, desolated 16111715, magnificently restored in the 18th century, and finally evacuated to Finland during the Winter War in 1940. In 1989 the monastic activities were started again.

During the siege of Leningrad, 19411944, lake Ladoga provided the only access to the besieged city. Supplies were transported into Leningrad with trucks on winter roads over the ice, the "Road of Life", and by boat in the summer.

Last updated: 02-08-2005 11:48:08
Last updated: 02-26-2005 04:59:47