The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Krasnoyarsk Krai

Krasnoyarsk Krai (Красноя́рский край) (2002 pop. 2,966,000) is the second largest Russian region after Sakha Republic (Yakutia), occupying an area of 2,339,700 km², which is 13% of the country's total territory.



The krai stretches 3,000 km from north to south. The krai lies in the middle of Siberia and shares borders with Tyumen, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Kemerovo oblasts, the republics of Khakassia, Tuva, and Sakha, and the Arctic Ocean in the north. It contains the autonomous districts of Evenkia and Taymyria, which will be merged into the krai on January 1 2007 following a referendum on the issue held on April 17 2005.


The krai was created in 1934 and then included the Taymyr and Evenk autonomous districts and Khakasiya Autonomous Oblast. In 1991, Khakassia seceded and became a republic within the Russian Federation.

During Stalin's times many Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and other nationals were arrested and sent to Krasnoyarsk region to exile.


Over 95% of the cities, a majority of the industrial enterprises, and all of the agriculture are concentrated in the south of the region. It is rich among the richest of Russia's regions in natural resources. Eighty percent of the country's nickel, 75% of its cobalt, 70% of its copper, 16% of its coal, and 10% of its gold are extracted in the region. Krasnoyarsk also produces 20% of the country's timber. The region's major industries are: non-ferrous metallurgy, energy, forestry, chemicals, and oil refining.

Administrative Division


Krasnoyarsk Krai consists of the following districts (Russian: районы):

  • Abansky (Абанский)
  • Achinsky (Ачинский)
  • Balakhtinsky (Балахтинский)
  • Beryozovsky (Берёзовский)
  • Birilyussky (Бирилюсский)
  • Bogotolsky (Боготольский)
  • Boguchansky (Богучанский)
  • Bolshemurtinsky (Большемуртинский)
  • Bolsheuluysky (Большеулуйский)
  • Dzerzhinsky (Дзержинский)
  • Idrinsky (Идринский)
  • Ilansky (Иланский)
  • Irbeysky (Ирбейский)
  • Kansky (Канский)
  • Karatuzsky (Каратузский)
  • Kazachinsky (Казачинский)
  • Kezhemsky (Кежемский)
  • Kozulsky (Козульский)
  • Krasnoturansky (Краснотуранский)
  • Kuraginsky (Курагинский)
  • Mansky (Манский)
  • Minusinsky (Минусинский)
  • Motyginsky (Мотыгинский)
  • Nazarovsky (Назаровский)
  • Nizhneingashsky (Нижнеингашский)
  • Novosyolovsky (Новосёловский)
  • Partizansky (Партизанский)
  • Pirovsky (Пировский)
  • Rybinsky (Рыбинский)
  • Sayansky (Саянский)
  • Severo-Yeniseysky (Северо-Енисейский)
  • Sharypovsky (Шарыповский)
  • Shushensky (Шушенский)
  • Sukhobuzimsky (Сухобузимский)
  • Taseyevsky (Тасеевский)
  • Turukhansky (Туруханский)
  • Tyukhtetsky (Тюхтетский)
  • Uyarsky (Уярский)
  • Uzhursky (Ужурский)
  • Yemelyyanovsky (Емельяновский)
  • Yeniseysky (Енисейский)
  • Yermakovsky (Ермаковский)

See also: Subdivisions of Russia

Last updated: 05-21-2005 01:25:26