- For other uses, see Komi (disambiguation).
- 415,900 km²
- est. 1,018,674 (2002)
|Federal district||Northwestern Federal District|
|Official languages||Russian, Komi|
|Head of the Republic||Vladimir Alexandrovich Torlopov|
|Deputy Head||Pavel Anatolyevich Orda|
The republic is located to the west of the Ural mountains, in the north-west of the East European Plain .
Forests cover over 70% of the territory of the republic, and swamps cover approx. 15%. 32,800 km² of tundra in the Northern Ural mountains are covered by the Virgin Komi Forests, the first natural UNESCO World Heritage site in Russia and the largest expanse of virgin forests in Europe.
- Area: 415,900 km².
- Highest point: no data.
- Maximum N->S distance: 785 km.
- Maximum E->W distance: 695 km.
Major rivers include:
There are many lakes in the republic. Major lakes include:
- Sindorskoye Lake
- Yam-Ozero Lake
Winters in the republic are long and cold, and the summers, while short, are quite warm.
- Average January temperature: -17°C (southern parts) to -20°C (northern parts)
- Average July temperature: +11°C (northern parts) to +15°C (southern parts)
- Average annual precipitation: 625 mm
- Main article: Administrative division of the Komi Republic.
Population: 1,018,674 (2002)
- Urban: 766,587 (75.3%)
- Rural: 252,087 (24.7%)
- Male: 488,316 (47.9%)
- Female: 530,358 (52.1%)
- Females per 1000 males: 1,086
Average age: 34.5 years
- Urban: 33.7 years
- Rural: 36.8 years
- Male: 32.3 years
- Female: 36.8 years
Number of households: 381,626 (with 992,612 people)
- Urban: 289,854 (with 749,329 people)
- Rural: 91,772 (with 243,283 people)
A northernmost portion of European Russia, Komi was an unspoiled land throughout most of history, dwelt in only by nomadic native peoples.
The territory of the republic was most intensly settled in the 19th and in the beginning of the 20th centuries. The autonomous oblast of Komi-Zyryans was established on August 22, 1929, and on December 5 of the same year it was reorganized into an ASSR.
Many of the "settlers" who came in the early 20th century were prisoners of the Gulag who were sent by the hundreds of thousands to perform forced labor in the Arctic regions of the USSR. Towns sprang up around labor-camp sites, which were initially carved out of the untouched tundra and taiga by gangs of prisoners.
Railroad transportation is very well developed. The most important railroad line is Kotlas -Vorkuta-Salekhard, which is used to ship most goods in and out of the republic. The rivers Vychegda and Pechora are navigable. There are airports in Syktyvkar, Ukhta, and Vorkuta.
In 1997, total railroad trackage was 1,708 km, automobile roads—4,677 km.
There are over 450 secondary schools in the republic (with ~180,000 students). The most important higher education facilities include Syktyvkar State University and Ukhta State Technical University .
- Official site of the Republic of Komi (in Russian)
- Official site of the Syktyvkar State University) (in English)
- Official site of the Syktyvkar State University) (in Russian)
- Official site of the Ukhta State Technical University (in Russian)
- Map of the Komi Republic (in English)