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Komi Republic

For other uses, see Komi (disambiguation).

The Komi Republic (Russian: Респ́ублика Ко́ми; Komi: Коми Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Komi.

Komi Republic
Республика Коми
Коми Республика
Flag of Komi Republic Coat of arms of Komi Republic
Capital Syktyvkar

- total
- % water


- 415,900 km²
- negligible


- Total
- Density


- est. 1,018,674 (2002)
- est. 2.44/km²

Political status Republic
Federal district Northwestern Federal District
Economic Region North
Cadaster # 11
Official languages Russian, Komi
Head of the Republic Vladimir Alexandrovich Torlopov
Deputy Head Pavel Anatolyevich Orda


The republic is located to the west of the Ural mountains, in the north-west of the East European Plain .

Forests cover over 70% of the territory of the republic, and swamps cover approx. 15%. 32,800 km² of tundra in the Northern Ural mountains are covered by the Virgin Komi Forests, the first natural UNESCO World Heritage site in Russia and the largest expanse of virgin forests in Europe.

Time zone

The Komi Republic is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).


Major rivers include:


There are many lakes in the republic. Major lakes include:

  • Sindorskoye Lake
  • Yam-Ozero Lake

Natural Resources

The republic's natural resources include coal, oil, natural gas, gold, diamonds, and more.


Winters in the republic are long and cold, and the summers, while short, are quite warm.

  • Average January temperature: -17°C (southern parts) to -20°C (northern parts)
  • Average July temperature: +11°C (northern parts) to +15°C (southern parts)
  • Average annual precipitation: 625 mm

Administrative Division

Main article: Administrative division of the Komi Republic.


The republic's native inhabitants are the Finnic Komi, or Komi-Zyryans , who account for ~25% of the republic's population. Russians account for 58% of the population.

  • Population: 1,018,674 (2002)
    • Urban: 766,587 (75.3%)
    • Rural: 252,087 (24.7%)
    • Male: 488,316 (47.9%)
    • Female: 530,358 (52.1%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,086
  • Average age: 34.5 years
    • Urban: 33.7 years
    • Rural: 36.8 years
    • Male: 32.3 years
    • Female: 36.8 years
  • Number of households: 381,626 (with 992,612 people)
    • Urban: 289,854 (with 749,329 people)
    • Rural: 91,772 (with 243,283 people)


A northernmost portion of European Russia, Komi was an unspoiled land throughout most of history, dwelt in only by nomadic native peoples.

The territory of the republic was most intensly settled in the 19th and in the beginning of the 20th centuries. The autonomous oblast of Komi-Zyryans was established on August 22, 1929, and on December 5 of the same year it was reorganized into an ASSR.

Many of the "settlers" who came in the early 20th century were prisoners of the Gulag who were sent by the hundreds of thousands to perform forced labor in the Arctic regions of the USSR. Towns sprang up around labor-camp sites, which were initially carved out of the untouched tundra and taiga by gangs of prisoners.

The Komi Republic in its modern form was established on May 26, 1992.


The head of government in Komi Republic is the Head of the Republic. As of 2004, the head of the republic is Vladimir Alexandrovich Torlopov , who was elected in December of 2001.


Komi Republic's major industries include oil processing, timber, woodworking, and electric power industries. Major industrial centers are Syktyvkar, Inta , Pechora , Sosnogorsk , Ukhta, and Vorkuta.


Railroad transportation is very well developed. The most important railroad line is Kotlas -Vorkuta-Salekhard, which is used to ship most goods in and out of the republic. The rivers Vychegda and Pechora are navigable. There are airports in Syktyvkar, Ukhta, and Vorkuta.

In 1997, total railroad trackage was 1,708 km, automobile roads—4,677 km.


There are over 450 secondary schools in the republic (with ~180,000 students). The most important higher education facilities include Syktyvkar State University and Ukhta State Technical University .

Related articles

External links

  • Official site of the Republic of Komi (in Russian)
  • Official site of the Syktyvkar State University) (in English)
  • Official site of the Syktyvkar State University) (in Russian)
  • Official site of the Ukhta State Technical University (in Russian)
  • Map of the Komi Republic (in English)

Federal subjects of Russia Flag of Russia
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Perm | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tver | Tula | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous Oblasts Jewish
Autonomous Districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia | Nenetsia | Permyakia | Taymyria | Ust-Orda Buryatia | Yamalia

Last updated: 02-11-2005 07:02:03
Last updated: 02-26-2005 05:11:48