Administratively speaking, Guadeloupe is an overseas département (département d'outre-mer, or DOM) of France. As the other DOMs, Guadeloupe is also a région of France, and an integral part of the Republic.
||Non-sovereign, Overseas Department of France|
|Head of Regional Council||Victorin Lurel|
|Head of General Council||Jacques Gillot|
- % water
|Time zone||UTC -4|
Main article: History of Guadeloupe
The original inhabitants were Arawak Indians. In 1493 during his second trip to America Christopher Columbus was the first European who set foot on the soil of Guadeloupe. The French took possession of the island in 1635. The following century saw the development of an economy based on sugar and slavery of Africans or their descendants. Slavery was definitely abolished by decree of April 27, 1848 at the initiative of Victor Schoelcher.
Main article: Politics of Guadeloupe
Main article: Geography of Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe comprises five islands: Guadeloupe proper (Basse-Terre), Grande-Terre (separated from Basse-Terre by a narrow sea channel called salt river) with the adjacent islands of La Désirade , Les Saintes and Marie Galante .
Further to the north, Saint-Barthélemy and the French part of Saint-Martin come under the juridiction of Guadeloupe. Basse-Terre has a rough volcanic relief whilst Grande-Terre features rolling hills and flat plains.
See also: Communes of the Guadeloupe département
Main article: Economy of Guadeloupe
Main article: Demographics of Guadeloupe
Main article: Culture of Guadeloupe
- Music of Martinique and Guadeloupe
- Communications in Guadeloupe
- Transportation in Guadeloupe
- Military of Guadeloupe
- Website of the prefecture of Guadeloupe
|Countries in West Indies|
Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti | Jamaica | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago
Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | British Virgin Islands | Cayman Islands | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Navassa Island | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands
|Regions of France|
|Alsace | Aquitaine | Auvergne | Lower Normandy | Burgundy | Brittany | Centre | Champagne-Ardenne | Corsica | Franche-Comté | Upper Normandy | Île-de-France | Languedoc-Roussillon | Limousin | Lorraine | Midi-Pyrénées | Nord-Pas-de-Calais | Loire Region | Picardy | Poitou-Charentes | Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur | Rhône-Alpes|
|Guadeloupe | Martinique | French Guiana | Réunion|