Fairfax is an independent city located within the confines of Fairfax County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This city in the Northern Virginia region is part of the Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (CMSA).
The area the City of Fairfax encompasses was settled in the early 1700s by farmers from Virginia's Tidewater region. The Fairfax County courthouse was established at the corner of Old Little River Turnpike (now Main Street) and Ox Road. The small town in the surrounding area was then known as Earp's Corner and in 1805, by an act of the Virginia General Assembly, named the Town of Providence. People continued to informally refer to it as "Fairfax Court House". The town was officially renamed the Town of Fairfax in 1874. The town became an independent city in 1961.
As of the 2000 census, the City of Fairfax had a total population of 21,498; and although politically independent, it is the county seat of Fairfax County.
The public schools in the City of Fairfax are owned by the city, but administered by the Fairfax County Public Schools system under contractual agreement with Fairfax County.
Fairfax is located at 38°51'9" North, 77°18'15" West (38.852612, -77.304377)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.3 km² (6.3 mi²). None of the area is covered with water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 21,498 people, 8,035 households, and 5,407 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,315.4/km² (3,406.9/mi²). There are 8,204 housing units at an average density of 502.0/km² (1,300.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 72.91% White, 5.07% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 12.17% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 6.17% from other races, and 3.26% from two or more races. 13.64% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 8,035 households out of which 28.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% are married couples living together, 9.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are non-families. 23.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.07.
In the city the population is spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 93.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $67,642, and the median income for a family is $78,921. Males have a median income of $50,348 versus $38,351 for females. The per capita income for the city is $31,247. 5.7% of the population and 2.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.3% of those under the age of 18 and 2.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Last updated: 08-01-2005 05:28:51
Last updated: 10-29-2005 02:13:46