The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Emperor Go-Sanjo of Japan

Emperor Go-Sanjō (後三条天皇) (September 3, 1034June 15, 1073) was the 71st imperial ruler of Japan. He ruled from 1068 to January 18, 1073. His name was Takahito? (尊仁)



He was the second son of Emperor Go-Suzaku. His mother was Empress (kōgō) Teiko? (皇后禎子), the third daughter of Emperor Sanjō, making him the first Emperor in 170 years (since Emperor Uda) whose mother was not of Fujiwara descent.

  • 1050-1131 Imperial Princess Satoko? (聡子内親王)
  • 1053-1129 Imperial Prince Sadahito (貞仁親王) (Emperor Shirakawa)
  • 1056-1132 Imperial Princess Toshiko? (俊子内親王) - Higuchi? saigū (樋口斎宮) (Saigū = Imperial Princess serving at the Ise Shrine)
  • 1057-1130 Imperial Princess Yoshiko? (佳子内親王) - Tomi-no-kōji Saiin 富小路斎院
  • 1060-1114 Imperial Princess Atsuko? (篤子内親王) - Empress (chūgū of Emperor Horikawa)
  • 1071-1185 Imperial Prince ??hito (実仁親王) - Shirakawa's would-be heir
  • 1073-1119 Imperial Prince Sukehito? (輔仁親王)

Consorts and empresses

  • 1029-1093 Empress (chūgū) Keiko? (馨子) - second daughter of Emperor Go-Ichijō
  •  ????-1062 Empress Dowager: Fujiwara Shigeko (藤原茂子), daughter of Fujiwara Kōsei? (藤原公成), adopted daughter of Fujiwara Yoshinobu (藤原能信)
  • 1047-1134 Court Lady: Minamoto Motoko (源基子), daughter of Minamoto Motohira? (源基平)
  • Court Lady: Fujiwara Akiko? (藤原昭子) - daughter of Fujiwara Yorimune (藤原頼宗)


Because he was not of Fujiwara descent, the Kampaku, Fujiwara no Yorimichi neglected him, but Emperor Go-Suzaku decreed that upon his elder brother Chikahito's enthronement (as Emperor Go-Reizei), that Takahito would become the heir (kōtaitei). As Go-Rezei had no children of his own, upon his death, Takahito became Emperor.

Yorimichi's younger brother Norimichi became kampaku, but Go-Sanjō was determined to rule personally. In 1069 he issued the Enkyū Shōen Regulation Decree (Enkyū being the name of the era in which it was issued) and established a government office to certify Shōen records. In 1070, he regulated silk and in 1072, the Ritsuryō System of centralized authority having become a dead letter, he planned to strengthen the finances of the Imperial Household, which had become weakened.

In 1072, four years after his enthronement, he abdicated to his son Imperial Prince Sadahito, planning to begin cloistered rule, but early the next year, he passed away from illness.

Research in recent years has lead to an influential theory that his abdication was not for the purpose of carrying out cloistered rule, but was instead because of illness.

Eras of his reign

  • Jiryaku
  • Enkyū
Preceded by:
Emperor of Japan Succeeded by:

Last updated: 08-30-2005 21:09:25
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