Elections in Finland gives information on election and election results in Finland.
Finland elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a six year term by the people. The Diet (Eduskunta/Riksdag) has 200 members, elected for a four year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Finland has a multi-party system, with three strong parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
In addition to the presidential and parlamentary elections, there are European Parliament elections every five years, and local municipal elections (held simultaneously in every municipality) every four years.
Main article: President of Finland
The president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term. An election was last held February 6, 2000 and the next will be held in January 15, 2006 (second round in January 29, 2006, if needed).
Tarja Halonen was elected president in 2000. Vote shares in the second round:
Main article: Parliament of Finland
Finland's proportional representation system encourages a multitude of political parties and has resulted in many coalition-cabinets. The Prime Minister of Finland is appointed by the president, based on the vote in the parliamentary elections. Usually the chairman of the biggest party becomes the next prime minister.
In the parliamentary elections of 16 March 2003, there were two dominating parties: the Center Party (KESK) got 55 seats, and the Social Democratic Party (SDP) got 53 seats, in the 200-seat Eduskunta. A new cabinet was formed by Center and Social Democrats together with the Swedish People's Party.
Election results 1907-2003
Elections were last held on March 16, 2003 and the next ones will be held in 2007. Percent of vote per party:
Seats in Parliament after the elections in 2003: