- Alternate use, see charter airline or bare-boat charter.
A charter is a document bestowing certain rights on a town, city, university or institution.
Charters were issued in medieval times by Royal decree, perhaps giving a particular town the right to hold a weekly market, or to levy a toll on a road or bridge.
A charter is a legally binding document incorporating an organization or institution and specifying its purpose, remit or bylaws. Organisations such as the Institution of Civil Engineers in the UK is chartered to maintain and advance the science and practice of civil engineering in the UK, and by this charter has the right to regulate the business of civil engineering in the UK; this gives rise to a status of a chartered engineer - one who satisfies the requirements of the charter holding organisation.
A famous example of a charter is England's Magna Carta.
In education, charter schools are becoming quite common.
See also: Royal Charter, Fueros (Spanish version).
- The Royal Charter for the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council http://www.pparc.ac.uk/Ap/Mc/Charter.asp
Last updated: 02-07-2005 07:53:25
Last updated: 05-03-2005 09:00:33