Philosophy is the critical study of the most fundamental questions that humankind has been able to ask. Philosophers ask questions such as
Metaphysics: What sorts of things exist? What is the nature of those things? Do some things exist independently of our perception? What is the nature of space and time? What is the nature of thought and thinking? What is it to be a person? What is it to be conscious? Is there a god?
Epistemology: Is knowledge possible? How do we come to know what we know? How can we know that there are other minds?
Axiology: What is a value? Where do values come from?
Ethics: Is there a difference between morally right and wrong actions (or values, or institutions)? If so, what is that difference? Which actions are right, and which wrong? Are values absolute, or relative? In general or particular terms, how should I live?
Aesthetics: What is art? What is beauty? Is there an "anti-art"?
Logic: What makes for good thinking? When can I say for sure that something just doesn't make sense? How can I think critically about complicated arguments?
See list of philosophical topics for a more complete listing of topics beyond this category..
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