Online Encyclopedia Search Tool

Your Online Encyclopedia


Online Encylopedia and Dictionary Research Site

Online Encyclopedia Free Search Online Encyclopedia Search    Online Encyclopedia Browse    welcome to our free dictionary for your research of every kind

Online Encyclopedia

Atlas mountains

(Redirected from Atlas Mountains)

The Atlas mountains are a mountain range in northwest Africa extending about 2400 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and including The Rock of Gibraltar. The highest peak is Toubkal , with an elevation of 4165 m (13,665 ft), located in southwestern Morocco. The Atlas ranges separate the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert. The population of the Atlas mountains are mainly Berber in Morocco and mainly Arab in Algeria.

Because North America, Europe and Africa were connected, the Atlas mountains are believed to have originally been formed as part of Alleghenian orogeny . These mountains were formed when Africa and America collided, and were once a chain far higher than today's Himalayas. Today, the remains of this chain can be seen in the Fall line in the eastern United States. Some remnants can also be found in the later formed Appalachians in North America. The Sierra Nevada mountains in Spain were likewise formed in this continental collision.

Last updated: 11-06-2004 12:21:59