The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







Abakan (Абака́н, until 1925 Abakansk or Ust-Abakanskoye, in 1925–1931 Khakassk) is the capital of Khakassia in Siberia, Russia. It is located on the river Yenisei, 144 miles SSW of Krasnoyarsk, at . Pop. 158,000 (1992 est.).

Peter the Great had a fort built here in 1707. Later, Abakansk was a fortified town of Siberia, in the Russian government of Yeniseisk . It was considered the mildest and most salubrious place in Siberia.

The place is remarkable for certain tumuli (of the Li Kitai) and statues of men from seven to nine feet high, covered with petroglyphs.

The Abakan River is a river of south-central Russia rising in the western Sayan Mountains and flowing about 563 km northeast to the Yenisei River.

Last updated: 05-13-2005 07:56:04