(10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries)
As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages.
- Circa 1001, Vikings, led by Leif Eirikson, establish small settlements in and around Vinland in North America
1054, the Great Schism, in which the Western (Roman Catholic) and Eastern Orthodox churches separated from each other. Similar schisms in the past had been later repaired, but this one continues after nearly 1000 years.
1060, Norman conquest of Sicily
1065, independence of the Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal under the rule of Garcia
1066, Norman conquest of England
1076, Ghana Empire began break-up after capital (Kumbi) sacked
1086, compilation of the Domesday Book
1094, El Cid, the great Spanish hero, conquers the Moorish city of Valencia
1099, First Crusade captures Jerusalem
- King Anawrahta of Myanmar made a pilgrimage to Ceylon, returning to convert his country to Theravada Buddhism.
- The Tuareg migrate to the Aïr region.
Kanem-Bornu expands southward into modern Nigeria.
- The first of seven Hausa city-states are founded in Nigeria.
- The Hodh region of Mauritania becomes desert.
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
Decades and years
Last updated: 10-08-2005 14:07:44