Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression.
Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material. The artist who does this is called a sculptor.
Traditional sculpting materials are:
- living plants
Other materials used in modern and contemporary sculpture include:
- the environment
- polymers, and many other synthetic materials
- water, ice, snow
- terra cotta
- liquid crystals
- frozen blood, dead animals
- found objects
Perhaps the least elitist of these media is sand, as it is used by young and old to create sand castles.
Some of the forms of sculpture are:
- Relief - sculpture still attached to a background, standing out from that ground in "High Relief" or "Low Relief" (bas relief)
- Sculpture "in the round," that is, designed by the sculptor to be viewed from any angle.
- Free-standing sculpture
- Mobile (See also Calder's Stabiles.)
Sculptors include the Classical Greek masters, through Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance masters, to modern sculptors such as Henry Moore, Felix de Weldon and Alexander Ney.
- See also: List of sculptors
Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd
The Australian copyright case of Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd (1990) 17 IPR 417 is authority for the proposition that a thing not intended to be a sculpture is not a sculpture. This seems contrary to some famous examples of sculpture, including Marcel Duchamp's 1917 sculpture consisting of a porcelain urinal lying on its back, entitled "Fountain", and Carl Andre's sculpture "Equivalent III" exhibited in the Tate Gallery in 1978, consisting of bricks stacked in a rectangle.
Nude sculptures are more common and accepted than public nudity of real people.
- Figure drawing
- Ice sculpture
- List of artworks
- Sculpture basic topics
- Sound sculpture
- artka.com - sculpture on wood, sculpture on stone
- Traces international stone sculpture journal
- Unique medium: Sand
- Sand Sculptor
- The online museum of environmental art