The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







Qīnghǎi Shěng
Abbreviation: 青 (pinyin: Qīng)
Origin of Name 青 qīng - green/blue
海 hǎi - sea
"green sea"
(Lake Qinghai)
Administration Type Province
Capital and
Largest City
CPC Qinghai Committee Secretary Zhao Leji
Governor Song Xiuyan
Area 721,000 km² (4th)
Population (2002)
 - Density
5,290,000 (30th)
7.3/km² (30th)
GDP (2002)
 - per capita
34.1 billion (29th)
6448 (18th)
Major Nationalities (2000) Han - 54%
Tibetan - 23%
Hui - 16%
Tu - 4%
Salar - 1.8%
Mongol - 1.8%
Prefecture-level divisions 8
County-level divisions 43
Township-level divisions 429
ISO 3166-2 CN-63

Qinghai (; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai) is a province of the People's Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake (Koko Nor). It borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast, and Tibet on the southwest.



Qinghai was historically part of the Amdo province of Tibet. In 1928 it became a province of the then Republic of China.


Qinghai is located on the northeastern part of the Tibetan Plateau. The Yellow River (Huang He) originates in the middle of the province, while the Yangtze and Mekong have their sources in the southern part.



The province of Qinghai boasts a population of 5 million, among which the Han is the largest group. Other groups include the Tibetans, Tu, Hui, Salar and Mongols.



The Lanqing Railway , running between Lanzhou, Gansu and Xining, the province's capital, was completed in 1959 and is the major transportation route in and out of the province. A continuation of the line, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, has become one of the most ambitious projects in PRC history, and will, by completion, connect Tibet with the rest of China through Qinghai. Six National Highways run through the province. Xining Airport provides service to Beijing, Lanzhou, Gormund and Dolingha .

See Transportation in China.


Miscellaneous topics

Parts of the anime and manga Ranma take place at the Jusenkyo Springs, a fictional, secret training ground in Qinghai.

External links

Last updated: 05-06-2005 14:24:51