The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Pre-Socratic philosophy

(Redirected from Presocratic)

Pre-Socratic philosophers are often very hard to pin down, and it is sometimes very difficult to determine the actual line of argument they used in supporting their particular views. While most of these thinkers produced significant texts, we have no complete versions of any of those texts. All we have are quotations by later philosophers, historians, and the occasional textual fragment.

The pre-Socratic philosophers rejected traditional mythological explanations for the phenomena they saw around them in favor of more rational explanations. They asked:

  • Where does everything come from?
  • What is it really made out of?
  • How do we explain the plurality of things found in nature?
  • Why are we able to describe them with a singular mathematics?

Nearly all of the various cosmologies proposed by the early Greek philosophers are demonstrably false. Later philosophers rejected the answers they provided, but continued to place importance on their questions.

List of Philosophers

Notable Movements

External Links

Last updated: 08-15-2005 23:55:49