Moravia (Czech: Morava) is the eastern part of the Czech Republic. Its historical capital is Brno. It is named after the river Morava (or March).
A group of Slavs settled around the river sometime after 500 AD, for history see Great Moravia.
The Moravians today are a Slavic ethnic group that speaks various dialects of Czech. A Protestant religious group founded in Moravia is also called the Moravians.
Moravia was a self-governing country for many centuries until 1949, when it was abolished by communist regime and devided into several administrative regions not corresponding with current regions. Moravia is not currently an administrative unit of the Czech Republic. Instead, it is divided into the South Moravian Region, the Zlin Region, and parts of the Moravian-Silesian, Olomouc, Pardubice, Vysocina and South Bohemian regions.
Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia (Now Pribor, Czech Republic) on May 6, 1856.