The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Mohamed ElBaradei

Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei (born 1942, Egypt) is the Director General of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an inter-governmental organization under the auspices of the United Nations.


Early Career

ElBaradei earned a Bachelor's degree in Law from the University of Cairo in 1962 and a Doctorate in International Law at the New York University School of Law in 1974. His diplomatic career began in 1964 in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign affairs, where he served on two occasions in the Permanent Missions of Egypt to the United Nations in New York and Geneva. In 1980 he became a senior fellow in charge of the International Law Program at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research.

Since 1984, ElBaradei has been a senior member of the IAEA Secretariat, holding a number of high-level positions. Before his current position of Director General, he has been the agency's legal adviser (1984 - 1993) and Assistant Director General for External Relations (1993 - 1997).

ElBaradei is also a member of the International Law Association , the American Society of International Law , and the Oxford Council on Good Governance. He is married to Aida Elkachef and has two children, Laila and Mostafa.


ElBaradei has served as the Director General for the IAEA for two terms since December 1, 1997, but the current US administration opposes his serving for a third term. According to the Washington Post [1] several intercepted phone calls concerning ElBaradei report that the Bush administration hopes to find information that helps removing ElBaradei as director of the IAEA. ElBaradei has questioned the U.S. rational for the war in Iraq since the 2003 Iraq disarmament crisis, when he, along with Hans Blix, led a team of UN weapons inspectors in Iraq, seeking evidence of weapons of mass destruction. He also stands for a more lenient approach in dealing with Iran's nuclear program.

October Surprise

Ten days before the 2004 US presidential election, a query by ElBaradei about 377 tons of missing explosives in Iraq surfaced in what many pundits are calling an "October surprise".


  • ElBaradei stated in the New York Times (February 12, 2004):
    • "If the world does not change course, we risk self-destruction." [2]

External links

  • Washington intercepts Elbaradei phone calls for information to displace him

Last updated: 02-03-2005 14:19:29
Last updated: 04-25-2005 03:06:01