Luxembourgish or Luxembourgian (in French, Luxembourgeois; in German, Luxemburgisch; in Luxembourgish Lëtzebuergesch) is a West Germanic language spoken in Luxembourg. It was adopted as an official language in 1984. It is also spoken in small parts of Belgium, France and Germany, as well as by a few of the descendants of Luxembourgian immigrants in the United States and emigrants to Transylvania (Siebenbürgen). There are about 300,000 people who speak Luxembourgish worldwide.
Luxembourgish belongs to the Middle German group of High German languages, like standard German. However, it is not intelligible to most Germans as it is more than just a German dialect. It borrows many French words. For example, the name for a bus driver is Buschauffeur which would be Busfahrer in German and Chauffeur de bus in French.
Other words are different from High German but have equivalents in German dialects. An example would be the word potato, which is Gromper in Luxembourgish, but pomme de terre in French and Kartoffel in High German.
Standard German is called "Däitsch", or sometimes "Preisësch" (Prussian, which has slightly xenophobic undertones) in Luxembourg. Its most common uses are in Luxembourg's newspapers, and in primary school. The main administrative language in Luxembourg is French.
- Jo. Yes.
- Neen. No.
- Villäicht. Maybe.
- Moien. Hello.
- Äddi. Goodbye.
- Merci. Thank you.
- Watgelift? or Ëntschëllegt? Excuse me?
- Metzleschjong. Butcher's son.
- Luxembourgish - English Dictionary
- Introduction to the Luxembourgish Orthography - Schanen F. (pdf)
- Luxemburgische Orthographie - Memorial: 1999
- Eng kleng Hëllef fir Lëtzebuergesch ze schreiwen
- UNIVERSAL - DEKLARATIOUN VUN DE MËNSCHERECHTER
- Gefahr oder Chance für das Luxemburgische?
- Wikipedia in Luxembourgish