The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Llano Estacado

Llano Estacado is a region in the southwestern United States that encompasses parts of northeastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas. It is a large mesa, or tableland, and relatively flat over most of its terrain. It is bounded on the north by the Canadian River and on the east by the Caprock Escarpment and on the west by the Mescalero Escarpment .

Llano Estacado is Spanish for "staked plains." It is the southern end of the Great Plains and is part of what was once called the Great American Desert. The term staked plain arose after Spanish conquistador Francisco Coronado and his troops encountered this "sea of grass". Most authorities believe that the term originates from the stockade-like appearance of the geologic formations which form its boundaries, while some believe that Coronado and his men drove wooden stakes into the ground so that they could find their way out of the tall prairie grass. However, later explorers found markers of stones, buffalo bones, and dung, not wooden stakes. [1]

An anecdotal version of the orgin of the name claims that the "stakes" were the long, straight stalks of the yucca plants found in the region.

It should be noted that the horses of the conquistadors were the first to return to the Great Plains since their extinction in North America eons earlier, and that some horses would escape, thus giving horses to some of the Native American tribes in the succeeding centuries. Before this, the dog was their largest domesticated animal.

Llano Estacado is also the name of an award-winning winery in Lubbock, Texas.

El Llano Estacado is a traditional folk song adapted by Tom Russell, which, according to Brian Burns (who has recorded a version of the song with Russell) is a tale in which the "subject falls victim to the whim of a sadistic seņorita and decides to take on the West Texas desert to win her hand in marriage."

Regions: Arklatex | Central Texas | Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex | East Texas | Edwards Plateau | Houston Metropolitan Area | North Texas | Northeast Texas | Piney Woods | Rio Grande Valley | Texas Hill Country | Texas Panhandle | Llano Estacado | Southeast Texas | South Texas | West Texas
Largest Metropolitan areas: Abilene | Amarillo | Austin- San Marcos | Beaumont- Port Arthur | Brownsville- Harlingen- San Benito | Bryan- College Station | Corpus Christi | Dallas-Fort Worth | El Paso | Houston-Galveston-Brazoria | Killeen- Temple | Laredo | Longview- Marshall | Lubbock | McAllen- Edinburg- Mission | Odessa-Midland | San Angelo | San Antonio | Sherman- Denison | Texarkana | Tyler | Victoria | Waco | Wichita Falls
See also: List of Texas counties
Regions of New Mexico
Llano Estacado
Largest Cities
Alamogordo | Albuquerque | Artesia | Carlsbad | Clovis | Deming | Farmington | Gallup | Hobbs | Las Cruces | Las Vegas | Los Alamos | Los Lunas | Portales | Rio Rancho | Roswell | Santa Fe | Silver City | Sunland Park
Bernalillo | Catron | Chaves | Cibola | Colfax | Curry | De Baca | Doņa Ana | Eddy | Grant | Guadalupe | Harding | Hidalgo | Lea | Lincoln | Los Alamos | Luna | McKinley | Mora | Otero | Quay | Rio Arriba | Roosevelt | San Juan | San Miguel | Sandoval | Santa Fe | Sierra | Socorro | Taos | Torrance | Union | Valencia

Last updated: 02-07-2005 10:25:53
Last updated: 05-01-2005 16:18:47