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List of sovereign states

Lists by country
Topical country articles

This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states.

In order to be listed here as a de facto independent country, article 1 of the Montevideo Convention from 1933 is followed, which means that entity should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. Additionally the entity doesn't accept that it de jure comprises part of the territory of another country. In the case of the inclusion of a de facto independent state a note explains the reason for its inclusion.

In the notes information is included on the following issues:-

  • The reason why a non-de jure state is listed (also listed at the de jure state) 1
  • The overseas dependencies 2
  • The federal structures if applicable 3
  • The autonomous entities inside the territory of the sovereign state 4
  • Other remarks are made also

The names are given in English and in the official language(s) of the state

  • The names in English are the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan and the (longer) official name (e.g. Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan)
  • The short official names in the official language(s) have been - if necesary - transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (Cyrillic, Chinese characters, etc.) are included. When possible, the romanization preferred by the country has been used. If the original name is the same as the English name, the original name is not listed.

The listing of any name in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any naming dispute. Entities considered to be microstates are not included.


The sovereign states

Short name (English) Official name (English) Short name (native government language)
Abkhazia1 Republic of Abkhazia Abkhazian: Aṗsny / Аҧсны
Russian: Abchazija / Абхазия
Georgian: Aṗẖazeṭi / აფხაზეთი
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Pushtu: Afġānistān / افغانستان
Dari: Afġānestān / افغانستان
Albania Republic of Albania Albanian: Shqipëria
Algeria People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Arabic: Al-Jazā'ir / الجمهورية الجزائرية
Andorra Principality of Andorra Catalan: Andorra
Angola Republic of Angola Portugese: Angola
Antigua and Barbuda4 Antigua and Barbuda English: Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina3 Arnetine Nation or Argentine Republic Spanish: Argentina
Armenia Republic of Armenia Armenian: Hayastan / Հայաստան
Australia3 Commonwealth of Australia English: Australia
Austria4 Republic of Austria German: Österreich
Azerbaijan1, 4 Republic of Azerbaijan Azeri: Azərbaycan
The Bahamas Commonwealth of the Bahamas English: The Bahamas
Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain Arabic: al-Baḥrayn / بحرين
Bangladesh People's Republic of Bangladesh Bengali: Banglādeś / বাংলাদেশ
Barbados Barbados English: Barbados
Belarus Republic of Belarus Belarusian: Bjelarúś / Белару́сь
Russian: Bjelorússija / Белору́ссия
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium Dutch: België
French: Belgique
German: Belgien
Belize Belize English: Belize
Benin Republic of Benin French: Bénin
Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan Jonghka: Druk Yul
Bolivia Republic of Bolivia Spanish: Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina4 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина
Serbian and Croatian: idem
Botswana Republic of Botswana Tswana: Botswana
English: Botswana
Brazil3 Federative Republic of Brazil Portuguese: Brasil
Brunei Brunei Darussalam Malay: Brunei
Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria Bulgarian: Bălgarija / България
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso French: Burkina Faso
Burundi Republic of Burundi Kirundi: Uburundi
French: Burundi
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia Cambodian: Kampuchea / កម្ពុជា
Cameroon Republic of Cameroon French: Cameroun
English: Cameroon
Canada3 Canada English: Canada
French: Canada
Cape Verde Republic of Cape Verde Portugese: Cabo Verde
Central African Republic Central African Republic French: République Centrafricaine
Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Chad Republic of Chad French: Tchad
Arabic: Tašād / تشاد
Chile Republic of Chile Spanish: Chile
China (PRC)4 People's Republic of China Chinese: Zhōngguó / 中國
Colombia Republic of Colombia Spanish: Colombia
Comoros3 Union of the Comoros French: Comores
Comorian: Komori
Arabic: Qumur / قمر
Congo-Kinshasa Democratic Republic of Congo French: Congo
Congo-Brazzaville Republic of Congo French: Congo
Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica Spanish: Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire11 Republic of Côte d'Ivore French: Côte d'Ivoire
Croatia Republic of Croatia Croatian: Hrvatska
Cuba Republic of Cuba Spanish: Cuba
Cyprus1 Republic of Cyprus Greek: Kypros / Κυπρος
Turkish: Kıbrıs
Czech Republic13 Czech Republic Czech: Česko
Denmark2 Kingdom of Denmark Danish: Danmark
Djibouti Republic of Djibouti French:Djibouti
Arabic: Jibuti / جيبوتي
Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica English: Dominica
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Spanish: Republica Dominicana
East Timor Democratic Republic of East Timor Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e
Portuguese: Timor-Leste
Ecuador Republic of Ecuador Spanish: Ecuador
Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt Arabic: al-Mişr / مصر
El Salvador Republic of El Salvador Spanish: El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial
Eritrea State of Eritrea Tigrinya: Ertra - ኤርትራ
Irītriyā /Arabic: إريتريا
Estonia Republic of Estonia Estonian: Eesti
Ethiopia3 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Amharic: Ityop'ia / ኢትዮጵያ
Fiji4 Republic of the Fiji Islands English: Fiji
Fijian: Viti
Finland4 Republic of Finland Finnish: Suomi
Swedish: Finland
France2 French Republic French: France
Gabon Gabonese Republic French: Gabon
The Gambia Republic of the Gambia English: The Gambia
Georgia1,4 Georgia Georgian: Sak'art'velo / საქართველო
Germany3 Federal Republic of Germany German: Deutschland
Ghana Republic of Ghana English: Ghana
Greece4 Greek Republic Greek:'Ellas / 'Eλλας
Grenada4 Grenada English: Grenada
Guatemala Republic of Guatemala Spanish: Guatemala
Guinea Republic of Guinea French: Guinée
Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau
Guyana Co-operative Republic of Guyana English: Guyana
Haiti Republic of Haiti French: Haïti
Haitian Creole: Ayiti
Honduras Republic of Honduras Spanish: Honduras
Hungary Republic of Hungary Hungarian: Magyarország
Iceland Republic of Iceland Icelandic: Ísland
India3 Republic of India Hindi: Bharat / भारत
English: India
Indonesia Republic of Indonesia Indonesian: Indonesia
Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Farsi: Īrān / ایران
Iraq Republic of Iraq Arabic: Al-ʿĪrāq / العیراق
Kurdish: ʿÎraq / عیراق
Ireland, Republic of Republic of Ireland English: Ireland
Irish: Éire
Israel State of Israel Hebrew: Yisra'el / ישראל
Arabic: Isra'il / اسرائيل
Italy Italian Republic Italian: Italia
Jamaica Jamaica English: Jamaica
Japan Japan Japanese: Nihon-koku / 日本国
Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Arabic: Al-Urdun / الاردن
Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan Kazakh: Qazaqstan / Қазақстан
Russian: Kazachstan / Казахстан
Kenya Republic of Kenya English: Kenya
Swahili: Kenya
Kiribati Republic of Kiribati Kiribati: Kiribati
English: Kiribati
Korea (North) Democratic People's Republic of Korea Korean: Chosŏn / 조선
Korea (South) Republic of Korea Korean: Hanguk / 대한
Kuwait State of Kuwait Arabic: Al-Kuwayt / الكويت
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyz: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан
Russian: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан
Laos Lao People's Democratic Republic Laotian: Lao / ນລາວ
Latvia Republic of Latvia Latvian: Latvija
Lebanon Republic of Lebanon Arabic: Lubnān / لبنان
Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho English: Lesotho
Sotho: Lesotho
Liberia Republic of Liberia English: Liberia
Libya Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Arabic: Lībiyyah / ليبية
Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein German: Liechtenstein
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian: Lietuva
Luxembourg Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg Luxembourgian: Lëtzebuerg
French: Luxembourg
German: Luxemburg
Macedonia (FYROM)5 Republic of Macedonia Macedonian: Makedonija / Македонија
Albanian: Maqedoni
Madagascar Republic of Madagascar Malagasy: Madagasikara
French: Madagascar
Malawi Republic of Malawi English: Malawi
Chewa: Malaŵi
Malaysia3 Federation of Malaysia Malay: Malaysia
Maldives Republic of Maldives Divehi: Divehi Rājje / ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު
Mali Republic of Mali French: Mali
Malta Republic of Malta Maltese: Malta
Marshall Islands Republic of the Marshall Islands English: Marshall Islands
Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania Arabic: Mūrītāniyyah / موريتانية
French: Mauritanie
Mauritius Republic of Mauritius ENglish: Mauritius
French: Maurice
Mexico3 United Mexican States Spanish: México
Micronesia3 Federated States of Micronesia English: Micronesia
Moldova1,4 Republic of Moldova Romanian/Moldovan: Moldova
Russian: Moldova / Молдова
Monaco Principality of Monaco French: Monaco
Mongolia Mongolia Mongolian: Mongol Uls / Монгол Улс
Morocco6 Kingdom of Morocco Arabic: al-Maġrib / مغرب
Mozambique Republic of Mozambique Portuguese: Moçambique
Myanmar12 Union of Myanmar Burmese: Myanma
Nagorno-Karabakh1 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Armenian: Lernayin Gharabagh / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ
Namibia Republic of Namibia English: Namibia
Nauru Nauru Nauran: Naoero
English: Nauru
Nepal Kingdom of Nepal Nepali: Nepāl / नेपाल
Netherlands2 Kingdom of the Netherlands Dutch: Nederland
New Zealand2 New Zealand English: New Zealand
Maori: Aotearoa
Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: Nicaragua
Niger Republic of Niger French: Niger
Nigeria3 Federal Republic of Nigeria English: Nigeria
Northern Cyprus1 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs
Norway2 Kingdom of Norway Norwegian: Norge
Oman Sultanate of Oman Arabic: ʿUmmān / عمان
Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Urdu: Pākistān / پاکستان
Palau Republic of Palau Palauan: Belau
English: Palau
Palestine7 State of Palestine Arabic: Filastīn / فلسطين
Panama Republic of Panama Spanish: Panamá
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea English: Papua New Guinea
Paraguay Republic of Paraguay Spanish: Paraguay
Guarani: Paraguái
Peru Republic of Peru Spanish: Perú
Philippines Republic of the Philippines Pilipino: Pilipinas
English: Philippines
Poland Republic of Poland Polish: Polska
Portugal4 Portuguese Republic Portuguese: Portugal
Qatar State of Qatar Arabic: Qaṭar / قطر
Romania Romania Romanian: România
Russia3 Russian Federation Russian: Rossija / Россия
Rwanda Republic of Rwanda Rwandese: Urwanda
French: Rwanda
Sahara6 (Western) Democratic Arab Republic of Sahara Arabic: Al-Saḥrāwiyyah / صحراوية
Saint Kitts and Nevis4 Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis English: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia English: Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa Independent State of Samoa English: Samoa
Samoan: Samoa
San Marino Italian: Most Serene Republic of San Marino San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe4 Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Arabic: Al-ʿArabiyyah as-Saʿūdiyyah / العربية السعودية
Senegal Republic of Senegal French: Sénégal
Serbia and Montenegro3,4,8 State Community of Serbia and Montenegro Serbian: Srbija i Crna Gora / Србија и Црна Гора
Seychelles Republic of Seychelles English: Seychelles
French: Seychelles
Seselwa: Sesel
Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone English: Sierra Leone
Singapore Republic of Singapore Malay: Singapura
Chinese: Xinjiapo / 新加坡
Tamil: Čiṅkappūr / சிங்கப்பூர்
English: Singapore
Slovakia Slovak Republic Slovak: Slovensko
Slovenia Republic of Slovenia Slovenian: Slovenija
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands English: Solomon Islands
Somalia1,10 Somalia Somalian: Soomaaliya
Somaliland1 Republic of Somaliland Somalian: Somaliland
South Africa Republic of South Africa English: South Africa
Afrikaans: Suid Afrika
Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika
Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika etc.
South Ossetia1 Republic of South Ossetia Ossetian: Xussar Iryston / Хуссар Ирыстон
Russian: Južnaja Osetia / Южная Осетия
Spain3 Kingdom of Spain Spanish: España
Basque: Espainia
Catalan: Espanya
Galician: España
Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Sinhala: Sri Lanka
Tamil: Llankai / இலங்கை
Sudan Republic of the Sudan Arabic: As-Sūdān / السودان
Suriname Republic of Suriname Dutch: Suriname
Swaziland Kingdom of Swaziland English: Swaziland
Swazi: eSwatini
Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Swedish: Sverige
Switzerland3 Swiss Confederation German: Schweiz
French: Suisse
Italian: Svizzera
Raeto-Romance: Svizra
Syria Syrian Arab Republic Arabic: Sūriyyah / سورية
Taiwan (ROC)1 Republic of China Chinese: Táiwān / 台湾
(official: JhongHuá MínGuó / 中華民國)
Tajikistan4 Republic of Tajikistan Tajik: Tojikistan / Тоҷикистон
Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania Swahili: Tanzania
English: Tanzania
Thailand Kingdom of Thailand Thai: Prathēt Thai / ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Togo Togolese Republic French: Togo
Tonga Kingdom of Tonga Tongan: Tonga
English: Tonga
Transnistria1 Transdniestrian Moldovan Republic Russian: Pridnestrovje / пpиднecтpoвe
Romanian/Moldovan: Stînga Nistrului
Trinidad and Tobago4 Republic of Trinidad and Tobago English: Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia Republic of Tunisia Arabic: Tūnis / تونس
Turkey Republic of Turkey Turkish: Türkiye
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan
Tuvalu Tuvalu Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
English: Tuvalu
Uganda Republic of Uganda ENglish: Uganda
Ukraine4 Ukraine Ukrainian: Ukrajina / Україна
United Arab Emirates3 United Arab Emirates Arabic: Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah / الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
United Kingdom2,3 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland English: United Kingdom
United States2,3 United States of America English: United States
Uruguay Eastern Republic of Uruguay Spanish: Uruguay
Uzbekistan4 Republic of Uzbekistan Uzbek: O'zbekiston
Vanuatu Republic of Vanuatu Bislama: Vanuatu
English: Vanuatu
French: Vanuatu
Vatican City State of the City of the Vatican Italian: Città del Vaticano (Holy See9 )
Venezuela 3 Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Spanish: Venezuela
Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam Vietnamese: Việt Nam
Yemen Republic of Yemen Arabic: Al-Yaman / اليمن
Zambia Republic of Zambia English: Zambia
Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe English: Zimbabwe


Other listings

For more sources, see Geographic references.

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Last updated: 10-24-2004 05:10:45