July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 154 days remaining.
- 1608 - At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point, New York), Samuel de Champlain shot two Iroquois chiefs to death. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.
- 1619 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
- 1729 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded.
- 1733 - First Freemasons lodge opened in what will become the United States.
- 1825 - Malden Island discovered.
- 1863 - Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder , promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of the Crater - Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
- 1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay wins the first Football World Cup.
- 1932 - The 1932 Summer Olympics open in Los Angeles, California.
- 1945 - World War II: Japanese warships sink the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen in the worst single loss in the history of the United States Navy.
- 1956 - A Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing "In God We Trust" as the U.S. national motto.
- 1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
- 1966 - At Wembley Stadium, host England wins the Football World Cup, beating Germany 4 to 2.
- 1969 - Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with US military commanders.
- 1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 15 lands on the Moon.
- 1971 - An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162
- 1974 - Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.
- 1980 - Vanuatu gains independence.
- 2003 - In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.
- 2004 - A gasblast kills 16 people in Belgium after an apocalyptical explosion.
- 1818 - Emily Brontë, English novelist (d. 1848)
- 1855 - Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrialist
- 1857 - Thorstein Veblen, economist (d. 1929)
- 1863 - Henry Ford, American industrialist (d. 1947)
- 1889 - Franz Masereel, painter and graphic artist (d. 1972)
- 1889 - Vladimir Zworykin, physicist and inventor (d. 1982)
- 1890 - Casey Stengel, Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 1975)
- 1898 - Henry Moore, sculptor (d. 1986)
- 1909 - C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian and writer (d. 1993)
- 1914 - Béatrix Beck , writer
- 1914 - Lord Killanin, former IOC president (d. 1999)
- 1929 - Werner Tübke , painter
- 1930 - Thomas Sowell, economist
- 1934 - Bud Selig, baseball team owner and commissioner
- 1936 - Buddy Guy, guitarist, singer
- 1939 - Peter Bogdanovich, film director
- 1941 - Paul Anka, singer and composer
- 1945 - David Sanborn, musician, Grammy Award winner
- 1946 - Neil Bonnett, NASCAR driver (d. 1994)
- 1947 - Arnold Schwarzenegger, actor, 38th Governor of California
- 1948 - Jean Reno, actor
- 1956 - Delta Burke, actress
- 1956 - Anita Hill, American law professor, author
- 1958 - Kate Bush, singer
- 1961 - Laurence Fishburne, actor
- 1963 - Lisa Kudrow, actress
- 1964 - Vivica A. Fox, actress
- 1974 - Hilary Swank, Academy Award winning actress
- 1975 - Graham Nicholls, British artist
- 578 - Jacob Baradaeus, bishop of Edessa
- 1715 - Nahum Tate, poet (b. 1652)
- 1718 - William Penn, founded the Province of Pennsylvania
- 1771 - Thomas Gray, poet and letter-writer (b. 1716)
- 1898 - Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor
- 1918 - Joyce Kilmer, poet
- 1947 - Joseph Cook, sixth Prime Minister of Australia
- 1975 - James Blish, science fiction author
- 1975 (date of disappearance) - Jimmy Hoffa, labor leader
- 1983 - Lynn Fontanne, actress
- 1996 - Claudette Colbert, actress
- 2003 - Sam Phillips, record producer
Holidays and observances
July 29 - July 31 - June 30 - August 30 -- listing of all days
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Last updated: 02-07-2005 09:45:17
Last updated: 02-18-2005 13:53:17