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John Quincy Adams

For other people named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation).
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
Order: 6th President
Term of Office: March 4, 1825March 3, 1829
Followed: James Monroe
Succeeded by: Andrew Jackson
Date of Birth July 11, 1767
Place of Birth: Braintree, Massachusetts
Date of Death: February 23, 1848
Place of Death: Washington, D.C.
First Lady: Louisa Catherine (Johnson) Adams
Occupation: lawyer
Political Party: Democratic-Republican
Vice President: John Caldwell Calhoun
Nicknames: Old Man Eloquent

King John the Second

John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767February 23, 1848) was the sixth (1825-1829) President of the United States. He was the son of President John Adams and First Lady Abigail Smith. He is the first President whose father was also President. The second one is George W. Bush.



John Quincy Adams was born in Braintree, Massachusetts, (in a part of town which is now Quincy, Massachusetts), and acquired his early education in Europe at the University of Leiden. He graduated from Harvard University in 1787. He studied law, then was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Boston, Massachusetts.

He was appointed Minister to the Netherlands in 1794, Minister to Portugal in 1796 and Minister to Prussia in 1797.

He was elected to the Massachusetts State Senate in 1802, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. House of Representatives in the same year. He was elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1803, until June 8, 1808, when he resigned, a successor having been elected six months early after Adams broke with the Federalist party.

He was Minister to Russia from 1809 to 1814, a member of the commission which negotiated the Treaty of Ghent in 1814, and Minister to England from 1815 to 1817.

He was Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President James Monroe from 1817 to 1825. As Secretary of State, he negotiated the Adams-Onís Treaty and helped develop the Monroe Doctrine.

John Quincy Adams postage stamp
John Quincy Adams postage stamp

Election to Presidency

Although Adams lost in both the popular and electoral votes in the Presidential election of 1824, none of the candidates were able to secure a majority of the electoral vote, thereby putting the outcome in the hands of the House of Representatives, which to the surprise of many elected Adams over rival Andrew Jackson. Adams served as President from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829, when Jackson, who defeated Adams in the latter's quest for re-election, was sworn in to replace him.

Rather than retire, Adams would go on to win election as a Democratic-Republican to the House of Representatives beginning with the 22nd Congress, serving from March 4, 1831, until his death. He was chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (for the 22nd through 26th, 28th and 29th Congresses, respectively), the Committee on Indian Affairs (for the 27th Congress) and the Committee on Foreign Affairs (also for the 27th Congress).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Massachusetts in 1834. In 1841, Adams represented the Amistad Africans in the Supreme Court of the United States and successfully argued that the Africans, who had seized control of a Spanish ship where they were being held as illegal slaves, should not be returned to Spain, but returned home as free people.

Adam's son Charles Francis also pursued a career in politics.

Adams died of a stroke in the Capitol Building, Washington, D.C.. His interment was in the family burial ground at Quincy, Massachusetts and subsequently reinterred in the United First Parish Church.

Photograph of John Quincy Adams
Photograph of John Quincy Adams


President John Quincy Adams 1825–1829
Vice President John C. Calhoun 1825–1829
Secretary of State Henry Clay 1825–1829
Secretary of the Treasury Richard Rush 1825–1829
Secretary of War James Barbour 1825–1828
  Peter Porter 1828–1829
Attorney General William Wirt 1825–1829
Postmaster General John McLean 1825–1829
Secretary of the Navy Samuel Southard 1825–1829

Supreme Court appointments

Adams appointed the following Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States:

Related articles

External link

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about:
John Quincy Adams

Preceded by:
James Monroe
President of the United States
Succeeded by:
Andrew Jackson
Preceded by:
James Monroe
United States Secretary of State
Succeeded by:
Henry Clay

Last updated: 11-08-2004 04:15:20