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IPA chart for English

A concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. See International Phonetic Alphabet for English for a more complete version.

IPA: English Consonants
IPA Examples
English pen
b English but
t English two
d English do
English chair, nature
English gin, joy
k English cat, kill, queen
g English go, get
f English fool, enough
v English voice
θ English thing
English this
s English see, pass , city
z English zoo, roses
ʃ English she, sure, emotion
ʒ English pleasure
h English ham
m English man
n English no
ŋ English singer, ring
l English left
ɫ English milk (dark l)
r English run, very
ɾ US English better
w English we
j English yes
ʔ Cockney bottle
ʍ Scottish what
x Scottish loch
IPA: English Vowels
IPA Examples
RP US AU  
ɑ: ɑ a father
i: i i see
ɪ ɪ ɪ city
ɛ ɛ ɛ bed
ɜ: ɜ˞ ɜ bird
bad, cat
ɑ: ɑr a: arm
ʌ ʌ2 ʌ run, enough
ɒ ɑ ɒ not, cough
ɔ: ɔ ɔ law , caught
ʊ ʊ ʊ put
u: u u soon, through
ə ə1 ə about
IPA: English Diphthongs
IPA Examples
RP US AU  
e(ɪ) day
my
ɔɪ ɔɪ boy
əʊ o(ʊ) no
now
ɪə ir ɪə near , here
er ɛə hair, there
ʊə ur ʊə tour
ju: ju ju pupil

Note that the parentheses indicate optionality; the IPA code does not actually contain parentheses.

  1. US winner might be pronounced /ˈwɪnər/ (Gen.Am.), /ˈwɪnə/ (non-rhotic Southern US), or /ˈwɪnɐ/ (New England, US region).
  2. Realization may occasionally be /ə/.
IPA: Other symbols used in transcription of English pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable) — "phonetic" /fəˈnɛtɪk/
ˌ Secondary stress — "phonetician" (US) /ˌfoʊnəˈtɪʃn̩/,
. Syllable separator
̩ Syllabic consonant — /ˈkɪtn̩/ for kitten

See also

SAMPA chart for English

Last updated: 10-11-2005 05:07:02
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