The House of Saud refers to the royal family of Saudi Arabia. While the modern nation of Saudi Arabia was established in 1932, the House of Saud has been around for much longer. Prior to Ibn Saud, this family ruled the Nejd and often came into conflict with the Ottoman Empire and the Rashidis . The House of Saud is also linked with Wahhabism through the marriage of the son of Muhammad ibn Saud with the daughter of Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab in 1744.
The history of the House of Saud has been marked by a desire to unify the Arabian Peninsula and to spread a more pure and simple view of Islam embodied by Wahhabism. As such, the House of Saud has gone through three phases: the First Saudi State, the Second Saudi State , and the modern nation of Saudi Arabia.
It should be noted that Saudi Arabia is the only country on Earth named after a family: the adjective "Saudi" indicates something belonging to the House of Saud.
Heads of the House of Saud
First Saudi State
Second Saudi State
King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman al-Saud
King Saud bin Abdul Aziz,
King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz
King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz
King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz
- A PDF file showing the structure of the House from globalsecurity.org (requires Adobe Acrobat) http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/gulf/images/sa01_06b.pdf
Last updated: 02-10-2005 18:49:49
Last updated: 04-25-2005 03:06:01