The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary







Status: Ceremonial & Administrative County
Region: East of England
- Total
- Admin. council
Ranked 36th
1,643 km²
Ranked 32nd
Admin HQ: Hertford
ISO 3166-2: GB-HRT
ONS code: 26
- Total (2002 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 16th
631 / km²
Ranked 6th
Ethnicity: 93.7% White
3.0% S.Asian
1.1% Afro-Carib.
Arms of Hertfordshire County Council
Hertfordshire County Council
Executive: Conservative
Members of Parliament
Barbara Follett, Claire Ward, James Clappison, Kerry Pollard, Marion Roe, Mark Prisk, Melanie Johnson, Oliver Heald, Peter Lilley, Richard Page, Tony McWalter
  1. Three Rivers
  2. Watford
  3. Hertsmere
  4. Welwyn Hatfield
  5. Broxbourne
  6. East Hertfordshire
  7. Stevenage
  8. North Hertfordshire
  9. St Albans
  10. Dacorum

Hertfordshire (pronounced "Hartfordshire" and abbreviated as "Herts") is an inland county, officially part of the East of England Government region. It is one of the Home Counties.

Hertfordshire is located to the north of Greater London, and much of the county is part of the London commuter belt.

To the east of Hertfordshire is Essex, to the west is Buckinghamshire and to the north are Bedfordshire, Luton and Cambridgeshire.

The highest point in the county is 803 feet (245 m) above sea level, a quarter mile (400 m) from the village of Hastoe near Tring.

The county motto is "Trust and fear not".



Main article: History of Hertfordshire.

Hertfordshire was originally the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford under the rule of Edward the Elder in 913. The name Hertfordshire appears in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1011.

The Domesday Book recorded the county as having nine hundreds. Tring and Danais became one, Dacorum. The other seven were Broadwater , Cashio , Edwinstree , Hertford , Hitchin and Odsey .

Hertfordshire is the starting point of the New River: a man made waterway, opened in 1613 to supply London with fresh drinking water.

Hertfordshire lost Barnet to Greater London in 1965, but gained Potters Bar and South Mimms from Middlesex.


Main article: Geology of Hertfordshire.

The rocks of Hertfordshire belong to the great shallow syncline known as the London basin . The beds dip in a south-easterly direction towards the syncline’s lowest point roughly under the River Thames. The most important formations are the Cretaceous Chalk, which is exposed as the high ground in the north and west of the county and the younger Palaeocene , Reading Beds and Eocene, London Clay which occupy the remaining southern part. The eastern half of the county was covered by glaciers during the Ice Age and has a superficial layer of glacial boulder clays.

Urban areas

These are the main towns in Hertfordshire. For a complete list of settlements see list of places in Hertfordshire.

Places of interest

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