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Harriet Beecher Stowe


Harriet Beecher Stowe (June 14, 1811 - July 1, 1896) was an abolitionist, and writer of more than 10 books, the most famous being Uncle Tom's Cabin which describes life in slavery, and which was first published in serial form from 1851 to 1852 in an abolitionist organ, the National Era, edited by Gamaliel Bailey.

Her second book was Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp.

Born in Litchfield, Connecticut and raised primarily in Hartford, she was the daughter of Lyman Beecher, an abolitionist Congregationalist preacher from Boston, and the sister of renowned minister, Henry Ward Beecher. In 1832, her family moved to Cincinnati, another hotbed of the abolitionist movement, where her father became the first president of Lane Theological Seminary. There she gained first-hand knowledge of slavery and the Underground railroad and was moved to write Uncle Tom's Cabin, the first major American novel with an African-American hero.

In 1836 Harriet Beecher married Calvin E. Stowe, a clegyman and widoer. Later she and her husband moved to Bowdoin College, when he obtained an academic postion there. Harriet and Calvin had seven children, but some died in early childhood.

Partial list of works

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin (1851)
  • A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin (1853)
  • Dred, A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp (1856)
  • The Minister's Wooing (1859)
  • The Pearl of Orr's Island (1862)
  • Little Foxes (1866)
  • Old Town Folks (1869)
  • Poganuc People (1878)

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Last updated: 10-24-2004 05:10:45