Galveston redirects here. For the Galveston in Indiana, see: Galveston, Indiana
Galveston is a city and island located in Galveston County, Texas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 57,247. In 1900, the island was struck by a hurricane, an event that became of one of the United States' greatest natural disasters. It is the county seat of Galveston county6, and is situated on the East Texas coast.
Galveston was named after Bernardo de Galvez, an 18th century governor of Spanish Louisiana. After 1779, when Spain entered the American Revolutionary War, Galvez recruited Spaniards, Creoles, Native Americans, and African-Americans to fight against the British.
Galveston is home to the Moody Gardens and the headquarters of the Moody National Bank . A new Schlitterbahn water park will open there in May of 2005.
On the evening of September 7, 1900, high winds arose heralding the arrival of a hurricane that struck the island in the early morning of September 8 and lasted until September 9, 1900. Wind speeds reached up to 135 mph, although this is an estimate since the anemometer was blown off of the US Weather Bureau building. The island was devastated, and an estimated 6 to 12 thousand people were killed. See the Galveston Hurricane of 1900. A warning was given by Isaac M. Cline, section director of the Galveston office of the US Weather Bureau, which may have prevented the deaths of many more people.
Prior to the major storm, Galveston was a beautiful and prestigious city, being known as "the New York of the South." Had it not been for the Hurricane of 1900, Galveston might today be one of the nation's largest cities.
Because of the storm, the Galveston Seawall was built, the entire grade of Galveston was raised, the Commission Form of City Government was formed, women received greater roles in public affairs, and the Houston Ship Channel was built.
The storm also caused survivors to move inland, into the city of Houston. Although Galveston is an anchor city for the Houston Metropolitan Area, it has largely been overshadowed by the city of Houston. Still, Galveston remains a port of entry and a destination for cruise ships.
Many Houstonians have beach houses in Galveston or elsewhere in Galveston county. Houstonians sometimes relocate to beach houses during the summer or simply drive to Galveston to enjoy the local beach.
Other attractions in Galveston include aforementioned Moody Gardens, the Galveston Island Railroad Museum http://www.tamug.tamu.edu/rrmuseum/ , the Strand National Historic Landmark District, and the Lone Star Flight Museum http://www.lsfm.org/ . Galveston is also home to several historic ships, including the tall ship Elissa at the Texas Seaport Museum http://www.tsm-elissa.org/ , and USS Cavalla and USS Stewart , both berthed at Seawolf Park on nearby Pelican Island .
Galveston is located at 29°16'52" North, 94°49'33" West (29.281137, -94.825945)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 539.6 km² (208.4 mi²). 119.5 km² (46.2 mi²) of it is land and 420.1 km² (162.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 77.85% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 57,247 people, 23,842 households, and 13,732 families residing in the city. The population density is 478.9/km² (1,240.4/mi²). There are 30,017 housing units at an average density of 251.1/km² (650.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 58.66% White, 25.49% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 3.21% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.73% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. 25.77% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 23,842 households out of which 26.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% are married couples living together, 16.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% are non-families. 35.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.30 and the average family size is 3.03.
In the city the population is spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $28,895, and the median income for a family is $35,049. Males have a median income of $30,150 versus $26,030 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,275. 22.3% of the population and 17.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 32.1% of those under the age of 18 and 14.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
- History of Galveston http://www.randomhouse.com/features/isaacsstorm/greatstorm/historygalveston.html
- Bio of Isaac Monroe Cline http://www.randomhouse.com/features/isaacsstorm/greatstorm/bio.html
- High resolution photos of the disaster http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/historic/nws/nwind11.htm
|Maps and aerial photos
|Street map http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?latlongtype=decimal&latitude=NaodW29-item6c
b5879fab7b45b&longitude=-94.825945&zoom=6 | Topographic map http://www.topozone.com/map.asp?lat=29.281137&lon=NaodW29-item
69f991fa5693c16&s=200&size=m&layer=DRG100 | Aerial photograph http://terraserver.microsoft.com/map.aspx?t=1&s=14&lon=NaodW29-item11f9c33e6ac82
The Road to Galveston http://imdb.com/title/tt0117492/?fr=c2l0ZT1kZnxteD0yMHxzZz0xfGxtPTIwMHx0dD1vbnxw
bj0wfHE9Z2FsdmVzdG9ufGh0bWw9MXxubT1vbg__;fc=2;ft=23;fm=1 movie at the IMDB
Lyrics for Galveston song http://www.cowboylyrics.com/lyrics/campbell-glen/galveston-662.html sung by Glen Campbell, at CowboyLyrics.com