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Friulian language

Friulian (Furlan)
Spoken in: the eastern part of Italy
Region: Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Total speakers: 600,000
Ranking: N/A

 Rhaetian languages

Official status
Official language of: No country. Officially recognized in Italy with the law 482/1999
Regulated by: Osservatori Regjonl de Lenghe e de Culture Furlanis
Language codes
ISO 639-2 fur

Friulian (Friulano in Italian, Furlan in Friulian) is a Romance language belonging to the Rhaetian languages family, spoken in the north-east of Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia province) by about 600,000 people. It is also called Eastern Ladin, since it has the same roots of Ladin, although in the centuries it has developed in different ways under the influence of surrounding cultures (German, Italian, Venetian, Slovenian). It has a good cultural background (there were poems and works in Friulian already in 1300) and in the 20th century there was a revival of the language, which continues so far. Today this language is officially recognized in Italy among the minorities and the use is growing also for music and theatre, although there are problems of standardisation (Friulian spoken in the central areas of Friuli, near Udine is generally considered standard, but not everybody agrees, and different writing systems coexist too).


Famous poets and writers

  • Ermes di Colloredo (XVI century)
  • Pietro Zorutti (XIX century)
  • Caterina Percoto (XIX century)
  • Pier Paolo Pasolini (XX century)


Long vowels are typical of the Friulian language and this has a great influence also on Friulian pronunciation of Italian. The double consonants (ll, rr, and so on), used a lot in Italian, are nearly absent in Friulian


  • The plural has usually an -s termination
  • Friulian verb infinitives have one of four endings, either -, -, -i, -)

External links

Last updated: 10-24-2004 05:10:45