Online Encyclopedia
Fisher's fundamental theorem of natural selection
In population genetics, Ronald Fisher's fundamental theorem of natural selection, forming a key element of his 1930 book The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection was originally stated as:
- "The rate of increase in fitness of any organism at any time is equal to its genetic variance in fitness at that time."
Or, in more modern terminology:
- "The rate of increase in the mean fitness of any organism at any time ascribable to natural selection acting through changes in gene frequencies is exactly equal to its genic variance in fitness at that time". (Edwards 1994)
History
The theorem was first proposed by Ronald Fisher in his important book The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. However, for forty years it was misunderstood, largely as a result of Fisher's feud with the American geneticist Sewall Wright primarily about adaptive landscapes. George R. Price reformulated the fundamental theorem using the Price equation in 1972.
References
- Edwards, A.W.F. (1994) The fundamental theorem of natural selection. Biological Reviews 69:443–474.
- Fisher, R.A. (1930). The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
- Frank, S.A. (1997) The Price Equation, Fisher's fundamental theorem, kin selection, and causal analysis. Evolution 51:1712-1729. Abstract http://stevefrank.org/abstracts/97Evol-Causal.html - page for pdfs http://stevefrank.org/reprints-choice/97Evol-Causal-R.html
- Frank, S.A. (1998) Foundation of Social Evolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Book's website http://stevefrank.org/foundations/foundations.html ISBN 0691059349
- Frank, S.A. and Slatkin, M. (1992) Fisher's fundamental theorem of natural selection. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7:92-95. abstract http://stevefrank.org/abstracts/92TREE.html - pdfs http://stevefrank.org/reprints-choice/92TREE-R.html
- Grafen, A. (2000) Developments of the Price equation and natural selection under uncertainty. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 267:1223–1227.
- Grafen, A. (2002) A first formal link between the Price equation and an optimisation program. Journal of Theoretical Biology 217:75–91.
- Price, G.R. (1972). Fisher's "fundamental theorem" made clear. Annals of Human Genetics 36:129-140
External links
- Grafen Fisher the evolutionary biologist http://users.ox.ac.uk/~grafen/cv/fisher.pdf
- http://www.peregrine.dk/subjects/FISH.HTM
Topics in population genetics |
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Key concepts: Hardy-Weinberg law | Fisher's fundamental theorem | neutral theory |
Selection: natural | Censored page | artificial | ecological |
Genetic drift: small population size | population bottleneck | founder effect |
Founders: Ronald Fisher | J.B.S. Haldane | Sewall Wright |
Related topics: evolution | microevolution | evolutionary game theory | fitness landscape |
List of evolutionary biology topics |
Last updated: 01-29-2005 13:31:34
Last updated: 03-18-2005 11:16:12