Extremadura is an autonomous community of Spain. It includes the provinces of Cáceres and Badajoz.
Some important cities are Cáceres, Badajoz, Plasencia and Mérida, the capital of the autonomous community. For other municipalities, see lists by province:
Extremadura borders Portugal to the west. It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe.
Badajoz and Cáceres are, respectively, the largest and second-largest provinces of Spain.
Extremadura was the source of many of the most famous conquerors ("conquistadores") and settlers in America. Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro, Pedro de Alvarado, Pedro de Valdivia, etc. were all born in Extremadura and many towns and cities in America carry a name from their homeland: Mérida is the administrative capital of Extremadura, and also an important city in Mexico and Venezuela, Medellín is now a little town in Extremadura, but also the second largest city in Colombia, Albuquerque is the largest city in New Mexico, its name is due to transcription mistake of Alburquerque, another town in Extremadura. Moreover, the two Spanish astronauts up to date, Miguel López-Alegría and Pedro Duque, have family connections in Extremadura.
Extremadura should not be confused with Estremadura, a historical province of Portugal.
The Extremadura Regional Government has authored its own Linux distribution, LinEx.
"...possesses a marked aspiration for f h, and employs i u for e o as finals; while modifying variously medial unaccented vowels as andaluz also does. The region is sparsely populated for various reasons: it was much thinned by the emigration to America...the language also shows remarkable archaisms. To the north of Cáceres in Plasencia, Coria and Garrovillas, the medieval distinction between voiced z and voiceless ç remains perceptible...Extremeño is in other respects a dialect of transition between andaluz and the patois of southern León."
- Source: Entwistle, William J. The Spanish Language. (pp. 223–224)
Last updated: 10-29-2005 02:13:46