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Emperor Hanazono of Japan

Emperor Hanazono (花園天皇) (August 14, 1297 - December 2, 1348) was the 95th imperial ruler of Japan. He reigned from December 28, 1308 until March 29, 1318. His personal name was Tomihito (富仁).


He was the fourth son of the 92nd Emperor Fushimi. He belonged to the Jimyōin-tō branch of the Imperial Family.


1308, becomes Emperor upon the abdication of his second cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Nijō

During Hanazono's reign, Negotiations between the Bakufu and the two lines resulted in an agreement to alternate the throne between the two lines every 10 years (the Bumpō Agreement). This agreement did not last long, being broken by the Go-Daigo Emperor.

1318, abdicates to his second cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Daigo (brother of Go-Nijō)

During his reign, first his father the Retired Emperor Fushimi, and then his brother, the Retired Emperor Go-Fushimi, ruled as cloistered Emperors.

After his abdication, he raised his nephew, the future Northern Pretender Kōgon. In 1335, he became a Buddhist monk of the Zen sect.

In 1348, he died.

He excelled at tanka, and was an important member of the Kyōgoku School. He also left behind a diary, called Hanazono-in-Minki (Imperial Chronicles of the Flower Garden Temple [Hanazono-in]) (花園院宸記). He was a very religious and literate person, never failing to miss his prayers to the Amitabha Buddha.

Eras during his reign

Preceded by:
Emperor of Japan Succeeded by:

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