The Online Encyclopedia and Dictionary






Demographics of the Republic of the Congo

Congo's sparse population is concentrated in the southwestern portion of the country, leaving the vast areas of tropical jungle in the north virtually uninhabited. Thus, Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa, with 85% of its total population living in a few urban areas, namely in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or one of the small cities or villages lining the 332-mile railway which connects the two cities. In rural areas, industrial and commercial activity has declined rapidly in recent years, leaving rural economies dependent on the government for support and subsistence. Before the 1997 war, about 9,000 Europeans and other non-Africans lived in Congo, most of whom were French. Only a fraction of this number remains.

Population: 2,830,961
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2000 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 42% (male 605,546; female 596,971)
15-64 years: 54% (male 748,217; female 785,278)
65 years and over: 4% (male 38,170; female 56,779) (2000 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.23% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 38.61 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 16.35 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 101.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 47.43 years
male: 44.49 years
female: 50.47 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.06 children born/woman (2000 est.)

noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo

Ethnic groups: Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans NA%

note - Europeans estimated at 8,500, mostly French, before the 1997 civil war; may be half of that in 1998, following the widespread destruction of foreign businesses in 1997

Religions: Christian 55%, animist 44%, Muslim 1%

Languages: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo has the most users)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total literate population: 74.9%
male: 83.1%
female: 67.2% (1995 est.)

See also : Republic of the Congo
Last updated: 05-14-2005 14:54:35